Using optical coherence tomography for the longitudinal non-invasive evaluation of epidermal thickness in a murine model of chronic skin inflammation
Dr Nicole L. Ward
Case Western Reserve University
Departments of Dermatology and Neuroscience
BRB519, 10900 Euclid Ave
Cleveland, OH 44106
Tel: +216 368 1111
Fax: +216 368 0212
Non-invasive methods are desirable for longitudinal studies examining drug efficacy and disease resolution defined as decreases in epidermal thickness in mouse models of psoriasiform skin disease. This would eliminate the need for either sacrificing animals or collecting serial skin biopsies to evaluate changes in disease progression during an individual study. The quantitation of epidermal thickness using optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides an alternative to traditional histology techniques.
Using the KC-Tie2 doxycycline-repressible psoriasiform skin disease mouse model, OCT imaging was completed on diseased back skin of adult KC-Tie2 (n = 3–4) and control (n = 3–4) mice, followed immediately by the surgical excision of the same region for histologic analyses. Animals were then treated with doxycycline to suppress transgene expression and to reverse the skin disease and additional OCT images and tissues were collected 2 and 4 weeks following. Epidermal thickness was measured using OCT and histology.
Optical coherence tomography and histology both demonstrated that KC-Tie2 mice had significantly thicker epidermis (~4-fold; P < 0.0001) than control animals. By 2 weeks following gene repression, decreases in epidermal thickness were observed using both OCT and histology, and were sustained through 4 weeks. Correlation analyses between histology and OCT values at all time points and in all animals revealed high significance (R2 = 0.78); with correlation being highest in KC-Tie2 mice (R2 = 0.92) compared to control animals (R2 = 0.16).
Non-invasive OCT imaging provided similar values as those collected using standard histologic measures in thick skin of KC-Tie2 mice but became less reliable in thinner control mouse skin, possibly reflecting limitations in resolution of OCT. Future advances in resolution of OCT may improve and allow greater accuracy of epidermal thickness measurements.