Gender-dependent differences in degree of facial wrinkles
Article first published online: 11 JAN 2012
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Skin Research and Technology
Volume 19, Issue 1, pages e65–e71, February 2013
How to Cite
Tsukahara, K., Hotta, M., Osanai, O., Kawada, H., Kitahara, T. and Takema, Y. (2013), Gender-dependent differences in degree of facial wrinkles. Skin Research and Technology, 19: e65–e71. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0846.2011.00609.x
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 11 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 NOV 2011
This study aimed to reveal gender-dependent differences in the degree of facial wrinkles.
Subjects comprised 173 Japanese men and women, divided into four groups according to age. Photographs were taken from nine facial regions and used to classify the intensity of wrinkles into five grades. In addition, replicas were taken from five facial sites and used to measure surface roughness. Data were compared between men and women within each age group.
In all age groups, men showed increased forehead wrinkles compared with women. In contrast, no gender-dependent differences were found in upper eyelid wrinkles. Other facial wrinkles were greater in men than in women in all except the oldest group (age, 65–75 years), in which wrinkles in women were greater than or equal to those in men.
Our results showed that gender-dependent differences exist in the degree of facial wrinkles. In general, men tend to have more severe wrinkles than women. This tendency disappeared or was reversed in some regions of the face and in individuals more than 60 years old.