Melanoma recognition framework based on expert definition of ABCD for dermoscopic images
Article first published online: 7 JUN 2012
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Skin Research and Technology
Volume 19, Issue 1, pages e93–e102, February 2013
How to Cite
Abbas, Q., Emre Celebi, M., Garcia, I. F. and Ahmad, W. (2013), Melanoma recognition framework based on expert definition of ABCD for dermoscopic images. Skin Research and Technology, 19: e93–e102. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0846.2012.00614.x
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 7 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 APR 2012
- computer-aided diagnostic;
- pattern recognition;
- ABCD criteria
Melanoma Recognition based on clinical ABCD rule is widely used for clinical diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions in dermoscopy images. However, the current computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) systems for classification between malignant and nevus lesions using the ABCD criteria are imperfect due to use of ineffective computerized techniques.
In this study, a novel melanoma recognition system (MRS) is presented by focusing more on extracting features from the lesions using ABCD criteria. The complete MRS system consists of the following six major steps: transformation to the CIEL*a*b* color space, preprocessing to enhance the tumor region, black-frame and hair artifacts removal, tumor-area segmentation, quantification of feature using ABCD criteria and normalization, and finally feature selection and classification.
The MRS system for melanoma-nevus lesions is tested on a total of 120 dermoscopic images. To test the performance of the MRS diagnostic classifier, the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) is utilized. The proposed classifier achieved a sensitivity of 88.2%, specificity of 91.3%, and AUC of 0.880.
The experimental results show that the proposed MRS system can accurately distinguish between malignant and benign lesions. The MRS technique is fully automatic and can easily integrate to an existing CAD system. To increase the classification accuracy of MRS, the CASH pattern recognition technique, visual inspection of dermatologist, contextual information from the patients, and the histopathological tests can be included to investigate the impact with this system.