Interaction of Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome Genes in the Regulation of Lysosome-Related Organelles

Authors


Richard T. Swank, richard.swank@roswellpark.org

Abstract

Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome (HPS) is a genetically heterogeneous disease caused by abnormalities in the synthesis and/or trafficking of lysosome-related organelles (LROs) including melanosomes, lamellar bodies of lung type II cells and platelet dense granules. At least 15 genes cause HPS in mice, with a significant number specifying novel subunits of protein complexes termed BLOCs (Biogenesis of Lysosome-related Organelles Complexes). To ascertain whether BLOC complexes functionally interact in vivo, mutant mice doubly or triply deficient in protein subunits of the various BLOC complexes and/or the AP-3 adaptor complex were constructed and tested for viability and for abnormalities of melanosomes, lung lamellar bodies and lysosomes. All mutants, including those deficient in all three BLOC complexes, were viable though the breeding efficiencies of multiple mutants involving AP-3 were severely compromised. Interactions of BLOC protein complexes with each other and with AP-3 to affect most LROs were apparent. However, these interactions were tissue and organelle dependent. These studies document novel biological interactions of BLOC and AP-3 complexes in the biosynthesis of LROs and assess the role(s) of HPS protein complexes in general health and physiology in mammals. Double and triple mutant HPS mice provide unique and practical experimental advantages in the study of LROs.

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