We present an in vitro system to analyze quantitatively the interactions of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged recombinant proteins with microtubules. This method relies on photoconversion of GFP and time-lapse microscopy. Specific interactions can be detected and binding kinetics can be determined rapidly and accurately. This method provides an alternative to classical in vitro microtubule-binding assays to analyze microtubule-associated proteins binding to microtubules. It has the potential to be extended to study interactions of proteins or multi-protein complexes with different biopolymers like actin microfilaments or organelle membranes.