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Keywords:

  • Arabidopsis;
  • ARC6;
  • cyanobacteria;
  • FtsZ;
  • Min system;
  • organelle;
  • PDV1;
  • PDV2;
  • plastid division

Chloroplasts are descendants of cyanobacteria and divide by binary fission. Several components of the division apparatus have been identified in the past several years and we are beginning to appreciate the plastid division process at a mechanistic level. In this review, we attempt to summarize the most recent developments in the field and assemble these observations into a working model of plastid division in plants.