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Keywords:

  • Arabidopsis thaliana;
  • clathrin;
  • endocytosis;
  • endoplasmic reticulum;
  • endosomes;
  • Golgi apparatus;
  • organelle biogenesis;
  • partially coated reticulum;
  • plants;
  • prevacuolar compartment;
  • protein sorting;
  • secretion;
  • secretory pathway;
  • trans Golgi network;
  • vacuole

The secretory pathway of eukaryotic cells comprises a network of organelles that connects three large membranes, the plasma membrane, the vacuole and the endoplasmic reticulum. The Golgi apparatus and the various post-Golgi organelles that control vacuolar sorting, secretion and endocytosis can be regarded as intermediate organelles of the endocytic and biosynthetic routes. Many processes in the secretory pathway have evolved differently in plants and cannot be studied using yeast or mammalian cells as models. The best characterized organelles are the Golgi apparatus and the prevacuolar compartment, but recent work has shed light on the role of the trans Golgi network, which has to be regarded as a separate organelle in plants. In this study, we wish to highlight recent findings regarding the late secretory pathway and its crosstalk with the early secretory pathway as well as the endocytic route in plants. Recently published findings and suggested models are discussed within the context of known features of the equivalent pathway in other eukaryotes.