A local ensemble transform Kalman filter data assimilation system for the NCEP global model
Article first published online: 26 SEP 2007
Volume 60, Issue 1, pages 113–130, January 2008
How to Cite
SZUNYOGH, I., KOSTELICH, E. J., GYARMATI, G., KALNAY, E., HUNT, B. R., OTT, E., SATTERFIELD, E. and YORKE, J. A. (2008), A local ensemble transform Kalman filter data assimilation system for the NCEP global model. Tellus A, 60: 113–130. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2007.00274.x
- Issue published online: 27 SEP 2007
- Article first published online: 26 SEP 2007
- (Manuscript received 14 December 2006; in final form 21 August 2007)
The accuracy and computational efficiency of a parallel computer implementation of the Local Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter (LETKF) data assimilation scheme on the model component of the 2004 version of the Global Forecast System (GFS) of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) is investigated.
Numerical experiments are carried out at model resolution T62L28. All atmospheric observations that were operationally assimilated by NCEP in 2004, except for satellite radiances, are assimilated with the LETKF. The accuracy of the LETKF analyses is evaluated by comparing it to that of the Spectral Statistical Interpolation (SSI), which was the operational global data assimilation scheme of NCEP in 2004. For the selected set of observations, the LETKF analyses are more accurate than the SSI analyses in the Southern Hemisphere extratropics and are comparably accurate in the Northern Hemisphere extratropics and in the Tropics.
The computational wall-clock times achieved on a Beowulf cluster of 3.6 GHz Xeon processors make our implementation of the LETKF on the NCEP GFS a widely applicable analysis-forecast system, especially for research purposes. For instance, the generation of four daily analyses at the resolution of the NCAR-NCEP reanalysis (T62L28) for a full season (90 d), using 40 processors, takes less than 4 d of wall-clock time.