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Scaling of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in a global ocean model



    Corresponding author
    1. Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Utrecht University, Princetonplein 5, 3584 Utrecht, the Netherlands
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Using a global ocean model, we revisit the issue of the scaling of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) versus the vertical diffusivity. With a continuation approach, we are able to compute curves of exact steady solutions of the global model versus the magnitude of the vertical diffusivity KV in the model; we find that the AMOC strength scales as K1/3V. This result is analysed with help of the local density balances in the Atlantic and Pacific. It appears that processes in the Pacific are crucial for the scaling behaviour of the AMOC.