SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ainsworth, E. A. and Rogers, A. 2007. The response of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to rising [CO2]: mechanisms and environmental interactions. Plant Cell Environ. 30, 258270.
  • Andersson, C. and Engardt, M. 2010. European ozone in a future climate: importance of changes in dry deposition and isoprene emissions. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 115, D02303. doi: 10.1029/2008JD011690.
  • Andersson, C., Langner, J. and Bergström, R. 2007. Interannual variation and trends in air pollution over Europe due to climate variability during 1958–2001 simulated with a regional CTM coupled to the ERA40 reanalysis. Tellus 59B, 7798.
  • Ashmore, M., Emberson, L., Karlsson, P. E. and Pleijel, H. 2004. New directions: a new generation of ozone critical levels for the protection of vegetation in Europe. Atmos. Environ. 38, 22132214.
  • Ashmore, M. R. 2005. Assessing the future global impacts of ozone on vegetation. Plant Cell Environ. 28, 949964.
  • Bernacchi, C. J., Calfapietra, C., Davey, P. A., Wittig, V. E., Scarascia-Mugnozza, G. E. and co-authors. 2003. Photosynthesis and stomatal conductance responses of poplars to free-air CO2 enrichment (PopFACE) during the first growth cycle and immediately following coppice. New Phytol. 159, 609621.
  • Bunce, J. A. 2000. Responses of stomatal conductance to light, humidity and temperature in winter wheat and barley grown at three concentrations of carbon dioxide in the field. Global Chang. Biol. 6, 371382.
  • Dentener, F., Stevenson, D., Ellingsen, K., Van Noije, T., Schultz, M. and co-authors. 2006. The global atmospheric environment for the next generation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40, 35863594.
  • Derwent, R. G., Simmonds, P. G., Manning, A. J. and Spain, T. G. 2007. Trends over a 20-year period from 1987 to 2007 in surface ozone at the atmospheric research station, Mace Head, Ireland. Atmos. Environ. 41, 90919098.
  • Domec, J. C., Palmroth, S., Ward, E., Maier, C. A., Thérézien, M. and Oren, R. 2009. Acclimation of leaf hydraulic conductance and stomatal conductance of Pinus taeda (loblolly pine) to long-term growth in elevated CO2 (free-air CO2 enrichment) and N-fertilization. Plant Cell Environ. 32, 15001512.
  • Ellsworth, D. S. 1999. CO2 enrichment in a maturing pine forest: are CO2 exchange and water status in the canopy affected? Plant Cell Environ. 22, 461472.
  • Emberson, L., Simpson, D., Tuovinen, J. P., Ashmore, M. and Cambridge, H. M. 2000a. Towards a model of ozone deposition and stomatal uptake over Europe. EMEP MSC-W Note 6/2000. Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo , Norway . Available at: http://www.emep.int.
  • Emberson, L. D., Ashmore, M. R., Cambridge, H. M., Simpson, D. and Tuovinen, J. P. 2000b. Modelling stomatal ozone flux across Europe. Environ. Pollut. 109, 403.
  • Emberson, L. D., Büker, P. and Ashmore, M. R. 2007. Assessing the risk caused by ground level ozone to European forest trees: a case study in pine, beech and oak across different climate regions. Environ. Pollut. 147, 454466.
  • Engardt, M., Bergström, R. and Andersson, C. 2009. Climate and emission changes contributing to changes in near-surface ozone in Europe over the coming decades—results from model studies. Ambio 38, 452458.
  • Fuhrer, J. 2009. Ozone risk for crops and pastures in present and future climates. Naturwissenschaften 96, 173194.
  • Grant, C. D., Groenevelt, P. H. and Robinson, N. I. 2010. Application of the Groenevelt-Grant soil water retention model to predict the hydraulic conductivity. Aust. J. Soil Res. In press.
  • Groenevelt, P. H. and Grant, C. D. 2004. A new model for the soil-water retention curve that solves the problem of residual water contents. Eur. J. Soil Sci. 55, 479485.
  • Gunderson, C. A., Sholtis, J. D., Wullschleger, S. D., Tissue, D. T., Hanson, P. J. and co-authors. 2002. Environmental and stomatal control of photosynthetic enhancement in the canopy of a sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) plantation during 3 years of CO2 enrichment. Plant Cell Environ. 25, 379393.
  • Hall, D. G. M., Reeve, M. J., Thomson, A. J. and Wright, V. F. 1977. Water retention, porosity and density of field soils. Technical Monograph No 9. Soil Survey, Rothhamstead Experimental Station, UK .
  • Harmens, H., Mills, G., Emberson, L. D. and Ashmore, M. R. 2007. Implications of climate change for the stomatal flux of ozone: a case study for winter wheat. Environ. Pollut. 146, 763770.
  • Hayes, F., Mills, G., Harmens, H. and Norris, D. 2007. Evidence of Widespread Ozone damage to Vegetation in Europe (1990–2006). Programme Coordination Centre for the ICP Vegetation, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, UK , pp. 58. Available at: http://icpvegetation.ceh.ac.uk.
  • Häggmark, L., Ivarsson, K. I., Gollvik, S. and Olofsson, R. O. 2000. MESAN, an operational mesoscale analysis system. Tellus 52A, 220.
  • Jacob, D. J. and Winner, D. A. 2009. Effect of climate change on air quality. Atmos. Environ. 43, 5163.
  • Jarvis, P. G. 1976. The interpretation of the variations in leaf water potential and stomatal conductance found in canopies in the field. Phil. Trans. R. Soc., Lond., B 87, 593610.
  • Jones, H. G. 1992. Plants and Microclimate. A Quantitative Approach to Environmental Plant Physiology. 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge , pp. 428.
  • Karlsson, P. E., Braun, S., Broadmeadow, M., Elvira, S., Emberson, L. and co-authors. 2007a. Risk assessments for forest trees: the performance of the ozone flux versus the AOT concepts. Environ. Pollut. 146, 608616.
  • Karlsson, P. E., Tang, L., Sundberg, J., Chen, D., Lindskog, A. and co-authors. 2007b. Increasing risk for negative ozone impacts on vegetation in northern Sweden. Environ. Pollut. 150, 96106.
  • Keel, S. G., Pepin, S., Leuzinger, S. and Korner, C. 2007. Stomatal conductance in mature deciduous forest trees exposed to elevated CO2. Trees 21, 151159.
  • Kjellström, E., Bärring, L., Gollvik, S., Hansson, U., Jones, C. and co-authors. 2005. A 140-year simulation of European climate with the new version of the Rossby Centre regional atmospheric climate model (RCA3). In: SMHI Reports Meteorology and Climatology No. 108. SMHI, SE-60176 Norrköping, Sweden , 54.
  • Klingberg, J., Danielsson, H., Simpson, D. and Pleijel, H. 2008. Comparison of modelled and measured ozone concentrations and meteorology for a site in south-west Sweden: implications for ozone uptake calculations. Environ. Pollut. 155, 99111.
  • Klingberg, J., Björkman, M. P., Pihl Karlsson, G. and Pleijel, H. 2009. Observations of ground-level ozone and NO2 in northernmost Sweden, including the Scandian Mountain Range. Ambio 38, 448451.
  • Körner, C. 2006. Significance of temperature in plant life. In: Plant Growth and Climate Change (eds J. I. L.Morison and M. D.Morecraft), Blackwell Publishing, Oxford , UK , 4869.
  • Langner, J., Bergström, R. and Foltescu, V. 2005. Impact of climate change on surface ozone and deposition of sulphur and nitrogen in Europe. Atmos. Environ. 39, 11291141.
  • Larcher, W. 2003. Physiological Plant Ecology. 4th Edition, Springer-Verlag, Berlin , Germany , 513.
  • Linderholm, H. W. 2006. Growing season changes in the last century. Agric. Forest Meteorol. 137, 114.
  • LRTAP Convention 2004. Manual on methodologies and criteria for Modelling and Mapping Critical Loads & Levels and Air Pollution Effects, Risks and Trends. Updated August 2008. Available and continuously updated at: http://www.icpmapping.org.
  • Maier, C. A., Palmroth, S. and Ward, E.. 2001. Short-term effects of fertilization on photosynthesis and leaf morphology of field-grown loblolly pine following long-term exposure to elevated CO2 concentration. Tree Physiol. 28, 597606.
  • Medlyn, B. E., Barton, C. V. M., Broadmeadow, M. S. J., Ceulemans, R., De Angelis, P. and co-authors. 2001. Stomatal conductance of forest species after long-term exposure to elevated CO2 concentration: a synthesis. New Phytol. 149, 247264.
  • Meleux, F., Solmon, F. and Giorgi, F. 2007. Increase in summer European ozone amounts due to climate change. Atmos. Environ. 41, 75777587.
  • Menzel, A., Sparks, T. H., Estrella, N., Koch, E., Aaasa, A. and co-authors. 2006. European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern. Global Chang. Biol. 12, 19691976.
  • Monteith, J. and Unsworth, M. H. 2008. Principles of Environmental Physics. 3rd Edition. Academic Press, London , 418.
  • Musselman, R. C., Lefohn, A. S., Massman, W. J. and Heath, R. L. 2006. A critical review and analysis of the use of exposure- and flux-based ozone indices for predicting vegetation effects. Atmos. Environ. 40, 18691888.
  • Nakicenovic, N., Alcamo, J., Davis, G., Vries, B.d., Fenhann, J. and co-authors. 2000. Emission Scenarios: A special report of IPCC Working Group III. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge , UK , 599.
  • Pleijel, H., Danielsson, H., Vandermeiren, K., Blum, C., Colls, J. and co-authors. 2002. Stomatal conductance and ozone exposure in relation to potato tuber yield-results from the European CHIP programme. Eur. J. Agron. 17, 303317.
  • Pleijel, H., Danielsson, H., Ojanpera, K., Temmerman, L. D., Hogy, P. and co-authors. 2004. Relationships between ozone exposure and yield loss in European wheat and potato—a comparison of concentration- and flux-based exposure indices. Atmos. Environ. 38, 22592269.
  • Pleijel, H., Danielsson, H., Emberson, L., Ashmore, M. R. and Mills, G. 2007. Ozone risk assessment for agricultural crops in Europe: further development of stomatal flux and flux-response relationships for European wheat and potato. Atmos. Environ. 41, 30023040.
  • Prather, M., Gauss, M., Berntsen, T., Isaksen, I., Sundet, J. and co-authors. 2003. Fresh air in the 21st century? Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1100. doi: 10.1029/2002GL016285.
  • Robertson, L., Langner, J. and Engardt, M. 1999. An Eulerian limited-area atmospheric transport model. J. Appl. Meteorol. 38, 190210.
  • Simpson, D. and Emberson, L. 2006. Ozone fluxes—updates, chapter 5 in EMEP status report 1/2006, Transboundary acidification, eutrophication and ground level ozone in Europe since 1990 to 2004. Available at: http://www.emep.int.
  • Simpson, D., Ashmore, M. R., Emberson, L. and Tuovinen, J. P. 2007. A comparison of two different approaches for mapping potential ozone damage to vegetation. A model study. Environ. Pollut. 146, 715725.
  • Sitch, S., Cox, P. M., Collins, W. J. and Huntingford, C. 2007. Indirect radiative forcing of climate change through ozone effects on the land-carbon sink. Nature 448, 791794.
  • Stevenson, D. S., Dentener, F. J., Schultz, M. G., Ellingsen, K., Van Noije, T. P. C. and co-authors. 2006. Multimodel ensemble simulations of present-day and near-future tropospheric ozone. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 111, D08301. doi: 10.1029/2005JD006338.
  • Taylor, G., Tallis, M. J., Giardina, C. P., Percy, K. E., Miglietta, F. and co-authors. 2008. Future atmospheric CO2 leads to delayed autumnal senescence. Global Change Biol. 14, 264275.
  • The Royal Society 2008. Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends, impacts and policy implications. RS Policy document 15/08, London, pp. 133. Available at: http://royalsociety.org/displaypagedoc.asp?id=31506.
  • Tilmes, S., Brandt, J., Flatoy, F., Bergström, R., Flemming, J. and co-authors. 2002. Comparison of five eulerian air pollution forecasting systems for the summer of 1999 using the German ozone monitoring data. J. Atmos. Chem. 42, 91121.
  • Tuovinen, J. P., Simpson, D., Emberson, L., Ashmore, M. and Gerosa, G. 2007. Robustness of modelled ozone exposures and doses. Environ. Pollut. 146, 578586.
  • Tuovinen, J. P., Emberson, L. and Simpson, D. 2009. Modelling ozone fluxes to forests for risk assessment: status and prospects. Ann. For. Sci. 66, 401.
  • Uddling, J., Gunthardt-Goerg, M. S., Matyssek, R., Oksanen, E., Pleijel, H. and co-authors. 2004. Biomass reduction of juvenile birch is more strongly related to stomatal uptake of ozone than to indices based on external exposure. Atmos. Environ. 38, 47094719.
  • Uddling, J., Teclaw, R. M., Kubiske, M. E., Pregitzer, K. S. and Ellsworth, D. S. 2008. Sap flux in pure aspen and mixed aspen-birch forests exposed to elevated concentrations of carbon dioxide and ozone. Tree Physiol. 28, 12311243.
  • Uddling, J., Teclaw, R. M., Pregitzer, K. S. and Ellsworth, D. S. 2009. Leaf and canopy conductance in aspen and aspen-birch forests under free-air enrichment of carbon dioxide and ozone. Tree Physiol. 29, 13671380.
  • Van Dingenen, R., Dentener, F. J., Raes, F., Krol, M. C., Emberson, L. and co-authors. 2009. The global impact of ozone on agricultural crop yields under current and future air quality legislation. Atmos. Environ. 43, 604618.
  • Van Loon, M., Vautard, R., Schaap, M., Bergström, R., Bessagnet, B. and co-authors. 2007. Evaluation of long-term ozone simulations from seven regional air quality models and their ensemble. Atmos. Environ. 41, 20832097.
  • Vingarzan, R. 2004. A review of surface ozone background levels and trends. Atmos. Environ. 38, 34313442.
  • Wall, G. W., Adam, N. R., Brooks, T. J., Kimball, B. A., Pinter, P. J. and co-authors. 2000. Acclimation response of spring wheat in a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) atmosphere with variable soil nitrogen regimes. 2. Net assimilation and stomatal conductance of leaves. Photosyn. Res. 66, 7995.
  • Wall, G. W., Garcia, R. L., Kimball, B. A., Hunsaker, D. J., Pinter, P. J. and co-authors. 2006. Interactive effects of elevated carbon dioxide and drought on wheat. Agron. J. 98, 354381.