• Epstein-Barr virus;
  • reactivation;
  • pregnancy;
  • immune suppression

ABSTRACT: Acquired immune suppression accompanying normal pregnancy may be associated with reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Pregnant women with reactivated EBV having anti-EA antibodies show high titers of antiviral capsid antigen (VCA) geometric mean titers (GMT) of 522 versus 170 in those lacking anti-early antigen (EA). Among twenty-seven seropositive women at parturition, 17 (63%) had generated antibody to EA, and all 27 (100%) demonstrated significant increases in antibody to VCA (p < 0.01). In contrast, antibody titers to cytomegalovirus, herpes hominis, varicella-zoster, and rubella viruses in the pregnant women were comparable to those found in nonpregnant controls.