• MHC antigen;
  • in vitro fertilization;
  • posterior region of sperm

ABSTRACT: The expression of class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigen on the membrane of mouse sperm head was clearly demonstrated by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) test, enzyme immunoassay (EIA), and mixed lymphocyte sperm reaction (MLSR) as well as the examination of its expression at transcriptional levels by nothern dot blotting. Furthermore, the roles of class II MHC antigen of sperm in fertilization were investigated with an in vitro fertilization (IVF) system. The successful ratio of IVF was significantly decreased by treatment of sperm with anticross-reactive region of class II MHC antigen monoclonal antibody (MAb) but not with antiprivate region MAb. These results were not due to disturbances of sperm mobility by these MAbs. It was strongly suggested that the monomorphic or its related region of class II MHC antigen on sperm played an important role in the recognition between sperm and egg in fertilization.