ABSTRACT: Successful reproduction in mammals requires the mother to immunologically accept genetically disparate tissues. Allotypic trophoblast antigens (TLX) are thought to be responsible for influencing maternal acceptance of the feto-placental graft, and faulty regulation of immunity to TLX antigens has been associated with recurrent pregnancy losses. In this report, rabbit antiidiotype (RAb2) was produced to a human TLX antibody (Ab1). This RAb2 detected TLX cross-reactive idio-types (CRI) on antitrophoblast IgG from women with normal and abnormal pregnancies. These findings support an hypothesis that women respond immunologically to allotypic trophoblast antigens, and that idiotype-antiidiotype regulation of this response is characteristic of normal pregnancy.