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Keywords:

  • Infertility;
  • MCAF;
  • IL-6;
  • IL-8;
  • human seminal plasma;
  • leukospermia

PROBLEM: To demonstrate whether monocyte chemotactic and activating factor (MCAF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are present in the seminal plasma, and whether these presence is modulated by leukospermia.

METHODS: Semen samples from 53 men were obtained by masturbation and examined for the presence of MCAF and IL-6 by enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Semen samples were obtained from 28 infertile men without leukospermia, 16 infertile men with leukospermia, and nine proven-fertile men. The correlation between the amount of MCAF in the seminal plasma with some spermiogram parameters and other cytokines such as IL-6 and IL-8 was statistically evaluated.

RESULTS: Immunoreactive MCAF was detected in the seminal plasmas of all 53 subjects. The MCAF titer in the seminal plasma of patients with leukospermia (11.19 ± 2.75 μg/1) was significantly higher than that in the seminal plasma of the patients without leukospermia (3.24 ± 0.53 μg/1) and the fertile men (2.78 ± 0.35 μg/1) (P < 0.001). The IL-6 titer in the seminal plasma of the patients with leukospermia (21.05 ± 4.49 ng/1) was also significantly higher than that in the seminal plasma of the patients without leukospermia (8.77 ± 1.92 ng/1) and the fertile men (6.94 ± 1.27 ng/1) (P < 0.01). There was a high degree of correlation among the levels of MCAF, IL-6 and IL-8 in the seminal plasma.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrated the presence of MCAF and IL-6 in the seminal plasma, and that the levels of these cytokines were elevated in the seminal plasma of the infertile patients with leukospermia.