Detection of Monocyte Chemotactic and Activating Factor (MCAF) and Interleukin (IL)-6 in Human Seminal Plasma and Effect of Leukospermia on These Cytokine Levels
Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2013
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume 34, Issue 5, pages 311–316, November 1995
How to Cite
SHIMOYA, K., MATSUZAKI, N., IDA, N., OKADA, T., TANIGUCHI, T., SAWAI, K., ITOH, S., OHASHI, K., SAJI, F. and TANIZAWA, O. (1995), Detection of Monocyte Chemotactic and Activating Factor (MCAF) and Interleukin (IL)-6 in Human Seminal Plasma and Effect of Leukospermia on These Cytokine Levels. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 34: 311–316. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0897.1995.tb00957.x
- Issue online: 9 MAY 2013
- Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2013
- Accepted December 8, 1994
- human seminal plasma;
PROBLEM: To demonstrate whether monocyte chemotactic and activating factor (MCAF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are present in the seminal plasma, and whether these presence is modulated by leukospermia.
METHODS: Semen samples from 53 men were obtained by masturbation and examined for the presence of MCAF and IL-6 by enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Semen samples were obtained from 28 infertile men without leukospermia, 16 infertile men with leukospermia, and nine proven-fertile men. The correlation between the amount of MCAF in the seminal plasma with some spermiogram parameters and other cytokines such as IL-6 and IL-8 was statistically evaluated.
RESULTS: Immunoreactive MCAF was detected in the seminal plasmas of all 53 subjects. The MCAF titer in the seminal plasma of patients with leukospermia (11.19 ± 2.75 μg/1) was significantly higher than that in the seminal plasma of the patients without leukospermia (3.24 ± 0.53 μg/1) and the fertile men (2.78 ± 0.35 μg/1) (P < 0.001). The IL-6 titer in the seminal plasma of the patients with leukospermia (21.05 ± 4.49 ng/1) was also significantly higher than that in the seminal plasma of the patients without leukospermia (8.77 ± 1.92 ng/1) and the fertile men (6.94 ± 1.27 ng/1) (P < 0.01). There was a high degree of correlation among the levels of MCAF, IL-6 and IL-8 in the seminal plasma.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrated the presence of MCAF and IL-6 in the seminal plasma, and that the levels of these cytokines were elevated in the seminal plasma of the infertile patients with leukospermia.