Amniotic Fluid Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor Levels in Chorioamnionitis Do Not Predict Neonatal Sepsis
Article first published online: 6 SEP 2011
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume 38, Issue 4, pages 307–308, October 1997
How to Cite
Hoskins, I. A., Schatz, F., Zandieh, P. and Lee, C. (1997), Amniotic Fluid Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor Levels in Chorioamnionitis Do Not Predict Neonatal Sepsis. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 38: 307–308. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0897.1997.tb00520.x
- Issue published online: 6 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 6 SEP 2011
- Accepted accepted July 7, 1997
- maternal infection;
- neonatal infection
PROBLEM: To assess the usefulness of amniotic fluid (AF) granulocyte colony-stimulating factor levels (G-CSF) in chorioamnionitis (CAM) to predict neonatal sepsis.
METHOD OF STUDY: AF samples were obtained from term and preterm patients with (Group I) and without (Group II) CAM and were assayed for G-CSF levels. Patients with other infections were excluded. All AF samples were also tested for gram stain and cultures. The sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of these parameters for diagnosing neonatal sepsis were assessed.
RESULTS: Positive AF cultures were the best predictors of neonatal sepsis in CAM, with a sensitivity of 67% and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 80%. Elevated AF G-CSF levels (>1,000 pg/ml) were poor predictors of neonatal sepsis with a sensitivity of 29% and PPV of 39%.
CONCLUSION: Even though AF G-CSF levels were markedly elevated in patients with CAM, they were poor predictors of subsequent neonatal sepsis.