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The Impact of Dydrogesterone Supplementation on Hormonal Profile and Progesterone-induced Blocking Factor Concentrations in Women with Threatened Abortion

Authors

  • Jarosław Kalinka,

    1. Department of Perinatology, I Division of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
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  • Julia Szekeres-Bartho

    1. Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Pecs University, Medical School, Hungary
    2. Reproductive and Tumor Immunology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary
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Address reprint requests to Jarosław Kalinka MD, PhD, Department of Perinatology, I Division of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medical University of Lodz, ul. Wileǹska 37, 94-029 Lodz, Poland.
E-mail: j.kalinka@csk.am.lodz.pl

Abstract

Problem:  The therapeutic value of progestogens in threatened abortion is still under debate. In the presence of sufficient progesterone levels during pregnancy, lymphocytes synthesize a mediator [progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF)] that is anti-abortive in mice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dydrogesterone on pregnancy outcome of threatened aborters.

Method of Study:  Twenty-seven threatened aborters were treated for 10 days with dydrogesterone (30–40 mg/day). Sixteen healthy pregnant controls received no treatment. Serum progesterone and estradiol concentrations as well as urine PIBF concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results:  Pregnancy outcomes in dydrogesterone-treated threatened aborters did not statistically differ from those in healthy controls. Serum progesterone concentrations in control patients, but not those in threatened aborters increased as pregnancy progressed. Following dydrogesterone treatment, initially low PIBF concentrations of threatened aborters significantly increased (P = 0.001) to reach the PIBF level found in healthy controls.

Conclusions:  These data suggest that by inducing PIBF production, dydrogesterone might improve pregnancy success rates in threatened aborters.

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