Limitations of the Human-PBL-SCID Mouse Model for Vaginal Transmission of HIV-1

Authors


Osmond J. D'Cruz, Parker Hughes Institute, 2657 Patton Road, St Paul, MN 55113, USA.
E-mail: odcruz@ih.org

Abstract

Problem

SCID mice reconstituted with human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) are amenable to vaginal transmission of HIV-1. We investigated the effectiveness of this model to establish systemic HIV-1 infection.

Method of study

Eighty progesterone-primed C.B-17 SCID mice were reconstituted with human-PBLs and intravaginally inoculated with CCR5 HIV-1 (BaL or 92BR09) infected human-PBLs in the presence of human semen. After two weeks, viral RNA load in spleen, peritoneal lavage (PL), and serum was quantitated by the nucleic acid sequence-based amplification method.

Results

In five independent experiments, spleen from 8/60 (13.3%), PL from 7/60 (11.6%), and serum from 16/56 (28.5%) mice were positive for BaL HIV-1 infection. Similarly, spleen from 4/20 (20%), PL from 1/20 (5%) and serum from 5/20 (25%) mice vaginally inoculated with 92BR09-infected human-PBLs were positive for HIV-1. A one-sided power analysis using normal approximation revealed that at 5% significance level, the overall response rate need to increase form 0.29 to 0.9 and 80% of the control groups needs to achieve a response rate between 6/10 and 9/10 to make the assay feasible.

Conclusion

The incidence of vaginal transmission of CCR5 HIV-1 in the human-PBL-SCID mouse was low and variable, which constitutes a major disadvantage for preclinical evaluation of vaginal microbicides.

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