Maternal Serum Interleukin-10, Interleukin-2 and Interleukin-6 in Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia

Authors


Bunyamin Borekci, Atalar Mah. Pasalar Cad., Pasalar Apt. Kat:5 No:11, 25100 Erzurum, Turkey.
E-mail: borekcib@gmail.com

Abstract

Problem

The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the concentrations of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6, and IL-10 in serum of women with mild pre-eclampsia, severe pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, and normotensive pregnancy.

Method of study

A total of 69 consecutive cases, 38 mild pre-eclampsia, 20 severe pre-eclampsia, 11 eclampsia, and 20 normotensive controls were included in this study. Serum IL-2, IL-6, and IL-10 levels were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method.

Results

Gestational age (= 0.210) and body mass index (= 0.214) between the groups were similar. The mean concentration of serum IL-2 and IL-6 were not different between the groups (P = 0.261, P = 0.141 respectively). The median concentrations of serum IL-10 in patients with mild and severe pre-eclampsia were similar (< 0.282) and was significantly lower than those of controls (< 0.001) and patients with eclampsia (< 0.001). In patients with eclampsia, the median concentration of IL-10 was significantly higher than that of all other groups (P < 0.001 for each comparison).

Conclusion

Pre-eclampsia is associated with a deficiency serum IL-10. High serum IL-10 is correlated with the presence of eclampsia.

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