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ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Recurrent Pregnancy Loss and Frequency of Eight Antiphospholipid Antibodies and Genetic Thrombophilic Factors in Czech Women

Authors


Ivan Subrt, Institute of Medical Genetics, Charles University and Faculty Hospital, 305 99 Pilsen, Czech Republic.
E-mail: subrt@fnplzen.cz

Abstract

Problem

The aim of this study was to investigate frequencies of eight antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) in serum, four genetic thrombophilic factors and their mutual relation in 206 patients with repeated pregnancy loss (RPL).

Method of study

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used for detection of aPLs against ph-serine, ph-ethanolamine, ph-inositol, DL-glycerol, phosphatidic acid, anti-annexin V, cardiolipin, and beta2-GPI. FV 1691G>A (Leiden mutation), FII 20210G>A mutation, MTHFR 677C>T and MTHFR 1298A>C variant genotypes were determined using a melting curve analysis of the PCR amplification product detected by the fluorescence resonance energy transfer. Genotypic distribution and allelic frequencies were calculated. Correlation between aPLs and thrombophilic factors was tested by chi-square and Fisher exact test.

Results

Our results show significantly increased prevalence of aPLs against ph-inositol (17–19.6% dependent on number of spontaneous miscarriages) and against ph-serine (18–25%). aPLs in IgG prevail. In 96% of the studied group, at least one risk factor was found (either aPLs positivity or thrombophilic factor). Both aPLs and thrombophilic factors were present in 43%. In the group of women with three or more RPLs, strong positive correlation of aPLs positivity and thrombophilic risk factors was observed.

Conclusion

Antiphospholipide antibodies and genetic thrombophilic factors are important risk factors in the pathogenesis of RPL. Both autoantibodies against various kinds of phospholipides and genetic thrombophilic factors must be studied together in diagnosis of RPL for appropriate treatment.

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