ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Glycodelin A Induces a Tolerogenic Phenotype in Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells In vitro
Article first published online: 6 NOV 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Munksgaard
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume 60, Issue 6, pages 501–512, December 2008
How to Cite
Scholz, C., Toth, B., Brunnhuber, R., Rampf, E., Weissenbacher, T., Santoso, L., Friese, K. and Jeschke, U. (2008), ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Glycodelin A Induces a Tolerogenic Phenotype in Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells In vitro. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 60: 501–512. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0897.2008.00647.x
- Issue published online: 6 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 6 NOV 2008
- Submitted March 20, 2008; accepted July 14, 2008.
- dendritic cells;
- feto-maternal interface;
Problem Successful mammalian pregnancy requires a delicate immunological balance at the feto-maternal interface that allows the semi-allogeneic fetus to grow, while protecting mother and child from environmental pathogens. As in other mucosal tissues, antigen-recognition and -handling by professional antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells (DC) determine the course of the subsequent immune response. DC at the feto-maternal interface help shape this immunological equilibrium. Endometrial tissue secretes high quantities of glycodelin A (GdA) during the so-called fertile window (i.e. the time of implantation of the blastocyst).
Method of study We investigated the effect of GdA on monocyte-derived DC (moDC) regarding surface marker expression, endopinocytotic activity, cytokine profile as well as lymphoproliferative activity.
Results Upon pretreatment with GdA and subsequent maturation with tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin (IL)-1β, moDC displayed a reduced expression of costimulatory molecules, an unchanged major histocompatibility complex-II expression and persistence of DC-SIGN positive cells. GdA-pretreated moDC had a higher endopinocytotic activity, an increased IL-10 production and a dose-dependent reduction in lymphoproliferative activity. GdA incubation alone did not alter the immature phenotype.
Conclusion Our results suggest a model in which the human endometrium secretes high quantities of GdA during implantation and thereby helps to shape the unique immunological interaction between mother and fetus via decidual DC.