ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Effects of Peritoneal Fluid from Endometriosis Patients on Interferon-γ-Induced Protein-10 (CXCL10) and Interleukin-8 (CXCL8) Released by Neutrophils and CD4+ T Cells

Authors


Kyu-Sup Lee, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University, Busan 602-739, Korea.
E-mail: kuslee@pusan.ac.kr

Abstract

Problem  Intraperitoneal immuno-inflammatory changes may be associated with the pathogenesis of endometriosis. We evaluated the effects of peritoneal fluid obtained from patients with endometriosis (ePF) on the release of interferon-γ-induced protein-10 (IP-10/CXCL10) and interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8) by neutrophils, CD4+ T cells, and monocytes.

Method of study  Neutrophils, CD4+ T cells, and monocytes were cultured with ePF and the chemokine levels in the supernatants were then measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Results  The addition of ePF to cultures of CD4+ T cells led to a significant increase in the release of IP-10 when compared with control PF without endometriosis (cPF). There was a positive correlation between the levels of IL-8 and IP-10 in ePF (R = 0.89, = 0.041), but not between the levels of IP-10 and IL-8 released by neutrophils, CD4+ T cells, and monocytes. The levels of IP-10 in ePF were positively correlated with the release of IP-10 by ePF-treated neutrophils (R = 0.89, < 0.001), CD4+ T cells (R = 0.93, < 0.001), and monocytes (R = 0.70, = 0.01). Moreover, the addition of ePF significantly enhanced the interferon-γ-induced release of IP-10 by nuetrophils and CD4+ T cells.

Conclusion  These findings suggest that neutrophils and T cells release differential levels of IP-10 and IL-8 in response to stimulation with ePF, and that these cells are a major source of IP-10 in the PF of endometriosis patients.

Ancillary