• Apo E4 codon 112C and 158C;
  • Apolipoprotein E4;
  • recurrent pregnancy loss

Citation Ozornek H, Ergin E, Jeyendran RS, Ozay AT, Pillai D, Coulam C. Is Apolipoprotien E codon 112 polymorphisms associated with recurrent pregnancy loss? Am J Reprod Immunol 2010; 64: 87–92

Problem  To compare the prevalence of 112T>C point mutations among women experiencing RPL with fertile control women.

Method of Study  Buccal swabs were obtained from 232 individuals: 136 with a history of ≥2 abortions, 37 with at least 2 live births and 59 with a history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DNA was extracted and PCR amplification of Apo E codons was performed.

Results  The allelic frequency of a cytosine at position 112 was 11.4% (31/272) among patients experiencing RPL, compared with a frequency of 5.4% (4/74) among the fertile controls (P = 0.19) and 19.5% (23/118) among individuals with a history of DVT. However, significantly more E3/E4 and E4/E4 genotypes were seen among individuals experiencing RPL and DVT than fertile controls (P < 0.05).

Conclusion  Apo E4 codon 112C point mutation is, by itself, not associated with an elevated risk of recurrent pregnancy loss, but rather codon 112C in association with codon 158C is a risk factor for RPL.