• Chemokines;
  • fallopian tube;
  • ovary;
  • testis;
  • uterus

Citation Kitaya K, Yamada H. Pathophysiological Roles of Chemokines in Human Reproduction: An Overview. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 65: 449–459

Chemokines are a group of small cytokines that have an ability to induce leukocyte migration. Chemokines exert their functions by binding and activating specific G protein-coupled receptors. Studies have unveiled pleiotropic bioactivities of chemokines in various phenomena ranging from immunomodulation, embryogenesis, and homeostasis to pathogenesis. In the mammalian reproductive system, chemokines unexceptionally serve in multimodal events that are closely associated with establishment, maintenance, and deterioration of fecundity. The aim of this review is to update the knowledge on chemokines in male and female genital organs, with a focus on their potential pathophysiological roles in human reproduction.