Expression Profiles of Peripheral CD160+ Lymphocytes During the Course of Healthy Human Pregnancy

Authors


Aliz Barakonyi, Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Medical School, University of Pecs, H-7624 Pecs, Szigeti ut 12. Hungary.
E-mail: aliz.barakonyi@aok.pte.hu

Abstract

Citation
Barakonyi A, Weisdorn R, Miko E, Varga P, Bodis J, Szekeres-Bartho J, Szereday L. Expression profiles of peripheral CD160+ lymphocytes during the course of healthy human pregnancy. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 66: 137–142

Problem  CD160 receptor is expressed by natural killer (NK) and T-cell subsets, and after activation, it could enhance cytotoxicity or pro-inflammatory cytokine production on NK cells. Here, we investigated the phenotype of peripheral CD160+ cells during healthy pregnancy.

Method of study  We analyzed the expression of CD69 activation marker, gamma/delta TCR, and NKG2A or NKG2D NK cell receptors on CD160+ lymphocytes of non-pregnant and healthy pregnant women at four different stages of pregnancy by flow cytometry.

Results  In our hands, CD160 receptor-positive lymphocytes were present during pregnancy; however, they had different characteristics depending on gestational age. During implantation, CD160+ cells showed low activation rate, decreased NK receptor expression while 40% of Vδ2 + T cells expressed CD160 receptor. In turn, all the above parameters increased as pregnancy proceeds.

Conclusion  Our results indicate that CD160+ lymphocytes could be able to play a role in the maintenance of healthy pregnancy.

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