Thyroid Autoimmunity and Recurrent Miscarriage


Carlo Ticconi, MD, Section of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Surgery, Tor Vergata University Hospital, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, Italy.


Citation Ticconi C, Giuliani E, Veglia M, Pietropolli A, Piccione E, Di Simone N. Thyroid autoimmunity and recurrent miscarriage. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 66: 452–459

Problem  To investigate the role of antithyroid autoantibodies (ATA) in recurrent miscarriage (RM).

Methods  In this case-control study, a total of 160 women with RM and 100 healthy women were investigated for the presence of serum ATA directed against thyreoglobulin (TG-Ab), thyroid peroxidase (TPO-Ab) and TSH receptor (TSHr-Ab), which were determined by either chemiluminescence or radioimmunoassay.

Results  Antithyroid autoantibodies were detected in 46 (28.75%) women with RM and in 13 (13%) women of the control group (P < 0.05). The frequencies for TG-Ab and TPO-Ab were higher in RM than in control women. Among the women of RM group, 91.3% of ATA+ women were positive also for other autoantibodies. The majority of study women were euthyroid.

Conclusions  Antithyroid autoantibodies, particularly TG-Ab, are associated with RM and could be an expression of a more general maternal immune system abnormality leading to RM. ATA could have a role in RM irrespective of thyroid hormone status.