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Thyroid Autoimmunity and Recurrent Miscarriage

Authors


Carlo Ticconi, MD, Section of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Surgery, Tor Vergata University Hospital, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, Italy.
E-mail: ticconi@med.uniroma2.it

Abstract

Citation Ticconi C, Giuliani E, Veglia M, Pietropolli A, Piccione E, Di Simone N. Thyroid autoimmunity and recurrent miscarriage. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 66: 452–459

Problem  To investigate the role of antithyroid autoantibodies (ATA) in recurrent miscarriage (RM).

Methods  In this case-control study, a total of 160 women with RM and 100 healthy women were investigated for the presence of serum ATA directed against thyreoglobulin (TG-Ab), thyroid peroxidase (TPO-Ab) and TSH receptor (TSHr-Ab), which were determined by either chemiluminescence or radioimmunoassay.

Results  Antithyroid autoantibodies were detected in 46 (28.75%) women with RM and in 13 (13%) women of the control group (P < 0.05). The frequencies for TG-Ab and TPO-Ab were higher in RM than in control women. Among the women of RM group, 91.3% of ATA+ women were positive also for other autoantibodies. The majority of study women were euthyroid.

Conclusions  Antithyroid autoantibodies, particularly TG-Ab, are associated with RM and could be an expression of a more general maternal immune system abnormality leading to RM. ATA could have a role in RM irrespective of thyroid hormone status.

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