SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Goines PE, Croen LA, Braunschweig D, Yoshida CK, Grether J, Hansen R, Kharrazi M, Ashwood P, Van de Water J: Increased midgestational IFN-gamma, IL-4 and IL-5 in women bearing a child with autism: a case–control study. Mol Autism 2011; 2:13.
  • 2
    Palmer CG, Turunen JA, Sinsheimer JS, Minassian S, Paunio T, Lönnqvist J, Peltonen L, Woodward JA: RHD maternal-fetal genotype incompatibility increases schizophrenia susceptibility. Am J Hum Genet 2002; 71:13121319.
  • 3
    Meyer U, Feldon J, Schedlowski M, Yee BK: Immunological stress at the maternal-foetal interface: a link between neurodevelopment and adult psychopathology. Brain Behav Immun 2006; 20:378388.
  • 4
    Mousa A, Seiger A, Kjaeldgaard A, Bakhiet M: Human first trimester forebrain cells express genes for inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Cytokine 1999; 11:5560.
  • 5
    Yoon BH, Romero R, Park JS, Kim CJ, Kim SH, Choi JH, Han TR: Fetal exposure to an intra-amniotic inflammation and the development of cerebral palsy at the age of three years. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000; 182:675681.
  • 6
    Meyer U, Nyffeler M, Engler A, Urwyler A, Schedlowski M, Knuesel I, Yee BK, Feldon J: The time of prenatal immune challenge determines the specificity of inflammation-mediated brain and behavioral pathology. J Neurosci 2006; 26:47524762.
  • 7
    Wu YW: Systematic review of chorioamnionitis and cerebral palsy. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 2002; 8:2529.
  • 8
    Patterson PH: Immune involvement in schizophrenia and autism: etiology, pathology and animal models. Behav Brain Res 2009; 204:313321.
  • 9
    Bell MJ, Hallenbeck JM: Effects of intrauterine inflammation on developing rat brain. J Neurosci Res 2002; 70:570579.
  • 10
    Bell MJ, Hallenbeck JM, Gallo V: Determining the fetal inflammatory response in an experimental model of intrauterine inflammation in rats. Pediatr Res 2004; 56:541546.
  • 11
    Cai Z, Pan ZL, Pang Y, Evans OB, Rhodes PG: Cytokine induction in fetal rat brains and brain injury in neonatal rats after maternal lipopolysaccharide administration. Pediatr Res 2000; 47:6472.
  • 12
    Shi L, Fatemi SH, Sidwell RW, Patterson PH: Maternal influenza infection causes marked behavioral and pharmacological changes in the offspring. J Neurosci 2003; 23:297302.
  • 13
    Meyer U, Feldon J, Yee BK: A review of the fetal brain cytokine imbalance hypothesis of schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull 2009; 35:959972.
  • 14
    Leviton A, Fichorova R, Yamamoto Y, Allred EN, Dammann O, Hecht J, Kuban K, McElrath T, O'Shea TM, Paneth N: Inflammation-related proteins in the blood of extremely low gestational age newborns. The contribution of inflammation to the appearance of developmental regulation. Cytokine 2011; 53:6673.
  • 15
    Burd I, Bentz AI, Chai J, Gonzalez J, Monnerie H, Le Roux PD, Cohen AS, Yudkoff M, Elovitz MA: Inflammation-induced preterm birth alters neuronal morphology in the mouse fetal brain. J Neurosci Res 2010; 88:172181.
  • 16
    Burd I, Chai J, Gonzalez J, Ofori E, Monnerie H, Le Roux PD, Elovitz MA: Beyond white matter damage: fetal neuronal injury in a mouse model of preterm birth. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2009; 201:279.e1–8.
  • 17
    Gomez R, Romero R, Ghezzi F, Yoon BH, Mazor M, Berry SM: The fetal inflammatory response syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1998; 179:194202.
  • 18
    Svigos JM: The fetal inflammatory response syndrome and cerebral palsy: yet another challenge and dilemma for the obstetrician. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2001; 41:170176.
  • 19
    Romero R, Avila C, Santhanam U, Sehgal PB: Amniotic fluid interleukin 6 in preterm labor. Association with infection. J Clin Invest 1990; 85:13921400.
  • 20
    Romero R, Maymon E, Pacora P, Gomez R, Mazor M, Yoon BH, Berry SM: Further observations on the fetal inflammatory response syndrome: a potential homeostatic role for the soluble receptors of tumor necrosis factor alpha. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000; 183:10701077.
  • 21
    Nelson KB, Dambrosia JM, Grether JK, Phillips TM: Neonatal cytokines and coagulation factors in children with cerebral palsy. Ann Neurol 1998; 44:665675.
  • 22
    Kadhim H, Tabarki B, Verellen G, De PC, Rona AM, Sebire G: Inflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis of periventricular leukomalacia. Neurology 2001; 56:12781284.
  • 23
    Deguchi K, Mizuguchi M, Takashima S: Immunohistochemical expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha in neonatal leukomalacia. Pediatr Neurol 1996; 14:1316.
  • 24
    Cai Z, Pang Y, Xiao F, Rhodes PG: Chronic ischemia preferentially causes white matter injury in the neonatal rat brain. Brain Res 2001; 898:126135.
  • 25
    Ohyu J, Marumo G, Ozawa H, Takashima S, Nakajima K, Kohsaka S, Hamai Y, Machida Y, Kobayashi K, Ryo E, Baba K, Kozuma S, Okai T, Taketani Y: Early axonal and glial pathology in fetal sheep brains with leukomalacia induced by repeated umbilical cord occlusion. Brain Dev 1999; 21:248252.
  • 26
    Brown AS, Susser ES: In utero infection and adult schizophrenia. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 2002; 8:5157.
  • 27
    Brown AS, Patterson PH: Maternal infection and schizophrenia: implications for prevention. Schizophr Bull 2011; 37:284290.
  • 28
    Vargas DL, Nascimbene C, Krishnan C, Zimmerman AW, Pardo CA: Neuroglial activation and neuroinflammation in the brain of patients with autism. Ann Neurol 2005; 57:6781.
  • 29
    Atladóttir HO, Thorsen P, Østergaard L, Schendel DE, Lemcke S, Abdallah M, Parner ET: Maternal infection requiring hospitalization during pregnancy and autism spectrum disorders. J Autism Dev Disord 2010; 40:14231430.
  • 30
    Leviton A, Gilles FH: An epidemiologic study of perinatal telencephalic leucoencephalopathy in an autopsy population. J Neurol Sci 1973; 18:5366.
  • 31
    Yoon BH, Romero R, Jun JK, Park KH, Park JD, Ghezzi F, Kim BI: Amniotic fluid inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6, interleukin-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha), neonatal brain white matter lesions, and cerebral palsy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997; 177:1926.
  • 32
    Wu YW, Colford JMJr: Chorioamnionitis as a risk factor for cerebral palsy: a meta-analysis. JAMA 2000; 284:14171424.
  • 33
    Leviton A, Paneth N: White matter damage in preterm newborns–an epidemiologic perspective. Early Hum Dev 1990; 24:122.
  • 34
    Deguchi K, Oguchi K, Takashima S: Characteristic neuropathology of leukomalacia in extremely low birth weight infants. Pediatr Neurol 1997; 16:296300.
  • 35
    Leviton A, Gressens P: Neuronal damage accompanies perinatal white-matter damage. Trends Neurosci 2007; 30:473478.
  • 36
    Back SA, Luo NL, Borenstein NS, Levine JM, Volpe JJ, Kinney HC: Late oligodendrocyte progenitors coincide with the developmental window of vulnerability for human perinatal white matter injury. J Neurosci 2001; 21:13021312.
  • 37
    Rezaie P, Dean A, Male D, Ulfig N: Microglia in the cerebral wall of the human telencephalon at second trimester. Cereb Cortex 2005; 15:938949.
  • 38
    Machon RA, Mednick SA, Huttunen MO: Adult major affective disorder after prenatal exposure to an influenza epidemic. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1997; 54:322328.
  • 39
    Gilles FH, Averill DR Jr, Kerr CS: Neonatal endotoxin encephalopathy. Ann Neurol 1977; 2:4956.
  • 40
    Young RS, Yagel SK, Towfighi J: Systemic and neuropathologic effects of E. coli endotoxin in neonatal dogs. Pediatr Res 1983; 17:349353.
  • 41
    Yoon BH, Kim CJ, Romero R, Jun JK, Park KH, Choi ST, Chi JG: Experimentally induced intrauterine infection causes fetal brain white matter lesions in rabbits. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997; 177:797802.
  • 42
    Debillon T, Gras-Leguen C, Vérielle V, Winer N, Caillon J, Rozé JC, Gressens P: Intrauterine infection induces programmed cell death in rabbit periventricular white matter. Pediatr Res 2000; 47:736742.
  • 43
    Saadani-Makki F, Kannan S, Lu X, Janisse J, Dawe E, Edwin S, Romero R, Chugani D: Intrauterine administration of endotoxin leads to motor deficits in a rabbit model: a link between prenatal infection and cerebral palsy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008; 199:651657.
  • 44
    Kannan S, Saadani-Makki F, Muzik O, Chakraborty P, Mangner TJ, Janisse J, Romero R, Chugani DC: Microglial activation in perinatal rabbit brain induced by intrauterine inflammation: detection with 11C-(R)-PK11195 and small-animal PET. J Nucl Med 2007; 48:946954.
  • 45
    Burd I, Brown A, Gonzalez JM, Chai J, Elovitz MA: A mouse model of term chorioamnionitis: unraveling causes of adverse neurological outcomes. Reprod Sci 2011; 18:900907.
  • 46
    Dammann O, Leviton A: Maternal intrauterine infection, cytokines, and brain damage in the preterm newborn. Pediatr Res 1997; 42:18.
  • 47
    Haynes RL, Folkerth RD, Keefe RJ, Sung I, Swzeda LI, Rosenberg PA, Volpe JJ, Kinney HC: Nitrosative and oxidative injury to premyelinating oligodendrocytes in periventricular leukomalacia. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2003; 62:441450.
  • 48
    Hailer NP, Vogt C, Korf HW, Dehghani F: Interleukin-1beta exacerbates and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist attenuates neuronal injury and microglial activation after excitotoxic damage in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. Eur J Neurosci 2005; 21:23472360.
  • 49
    Lehnardt S, Lachance C, Patrizi S, Lefebvre S, Follett PL, Jensen FE, Rosenberg PA, Volpe JJ, Vartanian T: The toll-like receptor TLR4 is necessary for lipopolysaccharide-induced oligodendrocyte injury in the CNS. J Neurosci 2002; 22:24782486.
  • 50
    Dommergues MA, Plaisant F, Verney C, Gressens P: Early microglial activation following neonatal excitotoxic brain damage in mice: a potential target for neuroprotection. Neuroscience 2003; 121:619628.
  • 51
    Espey MG, Chernyshev ON, Reinhard JFJr, Namboodiri MA, Colton CA: Activated human microglia produce the excitotoxin quinolinic acid. Neuroreport 1997; 8:431434.
  • 52
    Li J, Baud O, Vartanian T, Volpe JJ, Rosenberg PA: Peroxynitrite generated by inducible nitric oxide synthase and NADPH oxidase mediates microglial toxicity to oligodendrocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2005; 102:99369941.
  • 53
    Fern R, Moller T: Rapid ischemic cell death in immature oligodendrocytes: a fatal glutamate release feedback loop. J Neurosci 2000; 20:3442.
  • 54
    Salter MG, Fern R: NMDA receptors are expressed in developing oligodendrocyte processes and mediate injury. Nature 2005; 438:11671171.
  • 55
    Kannan S, Saadani-Makki F, Balakrishnan B, Chakraborty P, Janisse J, Lu X, Muzik O, Romero R, Chugani DC: Magnitude of [(11)C]PK11195 binding is related to severity of motor deficits in a rabbit model of cerebral palsy induced by intrauterine endotoxin exposure. Dev Neurosci 2011; 33:231240.
  • 56
    Kannan S, Saadani-Makki F, Balakrishnan B, Dai H, Chakraborty PK, Janisse J, Muzik O, Romero R, Chugani DC: Decreased cortical serotonin in neonatal rabbits exposed to endotoxin in utero. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2011; 31:738749.
  • 57
    Saadani-Makki F, Kannan S, Makki M, Muzik O, Janisse J, Romero R, Chugani D: Intrauterine endotoxin administration leads to white matter diffusivity changes in newborn rabbits. J Child Neurol 2009; 24:11791189.
  • 58
    Berger R, Garnier Y, Jensen A: Perinatal brain damage: underlying mechanisms and neuroprotective strategies. J Soc Gynecol Investig 2002; 9:319328.
  • 59
    Zupan V, Gonzalez P, Lacaze-Masmonteil T, Boithias d'Allest AM, Dehan M, Gabilan JC: Periventricular leukomalacia: risk factors revisited. Dev Med Child Neurol 1996; 38:10611067.
  • 60
    O'Shea TM, Allred EN, Kuban KC, Dammann O, Paneth N, Fichorova R, Hirtz D, Leviton A: Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn (ELGAN) Study Investigators. J Pediatr 2011 [Epub ahead of print].
  • 61
    Fatemi SH, Emamian ES, Kist D, Sidwell RW, Nakajima K, Akhter P, Shier A, Sheikh S, Bailey K: Defective corticogenesis and reduction in Reelin immunoreactivity in cortex and hippocampus of prenatally infected neonatal mice. Mol Psychiatry 1999; 4:145154.
  • 62
    Fatemi SH, Reutiman TJ: Maternal infection leads to abnormal gene regulation and brain atrophy in mouse offspring: implications for genesis of neurodevelopmental disorders. Schizophr Res 2008; 99:5670.
  • 63
    Fatemi SH, Folsom TD, Reutiman TJ, Huang H, Oishi K, Mori S: Prenatal viral infection of mice at E16 causes changes in gene expression in hippocampi of the offspring. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2009; 19:648653.
  • 64
    Elovitz MA, Brown AG, Breen K, Anton L, Maubert M, Burd I: Intrauterine inflammation, insufficient to induce parturition, still evokes fetal and neonatal brain injury. Int J Dev Neurosci 2011; 29:663671.
  • 65
    Zuckerman L, Weiner I: Maternal immune activation leads to behavioral and pharmacological changes in the adult offspring. J Psychiatr Res 2005; 39:311323.
  • 66
    Larouche A, Roy M, Kadhim H, Tsanaclis AM, Fortin D, Sébire G: Neuronal injuries induced by perinatal hypoxic-ischemic insults are potentiated by prenatal exposure to lipopolysaccharide: animal model for perinatally acquired encephalopathy. Dev Neurosci 2005; 27:134142.
  • 67
    Field NT, Newton ER, Kagan-Hallet K, Peairs WA: Perinatal effects of Gardnerella vaginalis deciduitis in the rabbit. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993; 168:988994.