• EMS, hepatic vein stenosis, liver regeneration, LRLT

Although the incidence of stenosis and obstruction of the hepatic venous anastomosis after right hepatic living-related liver transplantation (LRLT) has been found to be higher than after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), to the best of our knowledge, intrahepatic stenosis of the venous trunk in the early period after right hepatic LRLT has never been reported in the literature. A 53-year-old man who underwent right hepatic LRLT, postoperatively, developed liver dysfunction and an increasing amount of ascites, and a Doppler sonogram showed a flat waveform and low-flow velocity in the hepatic vein. Based on these findings an outflow block was suspected, and a hepatic venogram and manometry revealed intrahepatic stenosis of a tortuous hepatic venous trunk and a pressure gradient of 14 mmHg at the site of the stenosis. We inserted an expandable metallic stent (EMS) at the site of intrahepatic venous stenosis, and its insertion was followed by a decrease in pressure gradient. Liver function recovered, and the volume of ascitic fluid decreased after placement of the EMS. The results of an analysis of the venogram and CT volumetric data suggested that the pathogenesis of the stenosis was twisting of the venous trunk during hypertrophy of the liver parenchyma.