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Keywords:

  • Chronic kidney insufficiency;
  • liver transplantation;
  • mycophenolic acid

We report our experience with calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) withdrawal and MMF monotherapy in 50 adult liver transplant (OLT) recipients with CNI-related toxicity. Thirty-four patients had chronic renal dysfunction (CRD) associated with arterial hypertension, 11 had only CRD and other five patients had hypertension. The mean time between OLT and introduction of MMF was 81 months. After the introduction of MMF, CNI was progressively reduced and withdrawn if possible. At the end of the follow up (mean time: 18 months) CNI was withdrawn in 39 patients (78%), and there was a significant decrease from baseline in serum creatinine (1.81–1.49 mg/dL; p < 0.0001), BUN (76.6–52.8 mg/dL; p < 0.0001) and uric acid (9–7.5 mg/dL; p < 0.0001) levels, and an increase in creatinine clearance (44.7–55.1 mL/min; p < 0.0001). Excluding patients who developed graft rejection and two patients who died, CRD improved in 32 of 40 patients (80%), and arterial hypertension improved in 22 of 29 patients (76%). Five patients (10%) developed acute rejection, and one patient (2%) chronic rejection. Twenty-six patients (52%) experienced side-effects, with asthenia, herpes virus infection, and diarrhea being the most common. Only eight patients (16%) required MMF dose reduction. In conclusion, MMF monotherapy late after OLT improves CRD and hypertension in most patients, is safe and well tolerated.