• Congestion;
  • living-donor transplantation;
  • middle hepatic vein;
  • mitochondrial redox;
  • near-infrared spectroscopy;
  • reconstruction

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), which enables non-destructive evaluation of hemoglobin (Hb) oxygenation and the redox state of cytochromeoxidase (Cyt.aa3) in living tissues, has been employed during surgery to detect possible impairment of hemodynamics and mitochondrial respiration in the anterior segment of a right lobe liver graft in living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Thirty-six patients undergoing LDLT using a right lobe graft without the middle hepatic vein (MHV) were enrolled in this study. During the course of harvesting and implantation, NIRS measurements were performed on the anterior segments of the liver grafts. In two recipients of liver grafts with Hb residue over 70% in the anterior segment after ex vivo flushing, the MHV tributary was reconstructed, while it was not reconstructed in the other 34 recipients. Of those 34 recipients, 16 recipients of liver graft with 40–70% Hb residue showed transient increase of transaminase levels after LDLT. Of those 16 recipients, six recipients who showed reduction in oxidized Cyt.aa3 in the anterior segment suffered from persistent hyperbilirubinemia after LDLT. In patients showing impairment of mitochondrial redox associated with congestion caused by deprivation of the MHV tributaries, reconstruction of the MHV tributaries might have a beneficial effect.