SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Arora P, Obrador GT, Ruthazer R et al. Prevalence, predictors, and consequences of late nephrology referral at a tertiary care center. J Am Soc Nephrol 1999; 10: 12811286.
  • 2
    Ifudu O, Dawood M, Homel P, Friedman EA. Excess morbidity in patients starting uremia therapy without prior care by a nephrologist. Am J Kidney Dis 1996; 28: 841845.
  • 3
    Schmidt RJ, Domico JR, Sorkin MI, Hobbs G. Early referral and its impact on emergent first dialyses, health care costs, and outcome. Am J Kidney Dis 1998; 32: 278283.
  • 4
    Kazmi WH, Obrador GT, Khan SS, Pereira BJ, Kausz AT. Late nephrology referral and mortality among patients with end-stage renal disease: A propensity score analysis. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2004; 19: 18081814.
  • 5
    Obrador GT, Pereira BJ. Early referral to the nephrologist and timely initiation of renal replacement therapy: A paradigm shift in the management of patients with chronic renal failure. Am J Kidney Dis 1998; 31: 398417.
  • 6
    Avorn J, Winkelmayer WC, Bohn RL et al. Delayed nephrologist referral and inadequate vascular access in patients with advanced chronic kidney failure. J Clin Epidemiol 2002; 55: 711716.
  • 7
    Winkelmayer WC, Glynn RJ, Levin R, Owen WF Jr, Avorn J. Late referral and modality choice in end-stage renal disease. Kidney Int 2001; 60: 15471554.
  • 8
    Winkelmayer WC, Owen WF Jr, Levin R, Avorn J. A propensity analysis of late versus early nephrologist referral and mortality on dialysis. J Am Soc Nephrol 2003; 14: 486492.
  • 9
    Kinchen KS, Sadler J, Fink N et al. The timing of specialist evaluation in chronic kidney disease and mortality. Ann Intern Med 2002; 137: 479486.
  • 10
    Khan SS, Xue JL, Kazmi WH et al. Does predialysis nephrology care influence patient survival after initiation of dialysis? Kidney Int 2005; 67: 10381046.
  • 11
    Wolfe RA, Ashby VB, Milford EL et al. Comparison of mortality in all patients on dialysis, patients on dialysis awaiting transplantation, and recipients of a first cadaveric transplant. N Engl J Med 1999; 341: 17251730.
  • 12
    Evans RW, Manninen DL, Garrison LP Jr et al. The quality of life of patients with end-stage renal disease. N Engl J Med 1985; 312: 553559.
  • 13
    Winkelmayer WC, Weinstein MC, Mittleman MA, Glynn RJ, Pliskin JS. Health economic evaluations: The special case of end-stage renal disease treatment. Med Decis Making 2002; 22: 417430.
  • 14
    Xue JL, Ma JZ, Louis TA, Collins AJ. Forecast of the number of patients with end-stage renal disease in the United States to the year 2010. J Am Soc Nephrol 2001; 12: 27532758.
  • 15
    Leffell MS, Zachary AA. The national impact of the 1995 changes to the UNOS renal allocation system. United Network for Organ Sharing. Clin Transplant 1999; 13: 287295.
  • 16
    Delmonico FL, Harmon WE, Lorber MI et al. A new allocation plan for renal transplantation. Transplantation 1999; 67: 303309.
  • 17
    Meier-Kriesche HU, Port FK, Ojo AO et al. Effect of waiting time on renal transplant outcome. Kidney Int 2000; 58: 13111317.
  • 18
    Winkelmayer WC, Glynn RJ, Levin R, Mittleman MA, Pliskin JS, Avorn J. Late nephrologist referral and access to renal transplantation. Transplantation 2002; 73: 19181923.
  • 19
    United States Renal Data System. Researcher's guide to the USRDS database. Bethesda , MD : National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 2005.
  • 20
    Winkelmayer WC, Glynn RJ, Levin R, Owen WF Jr, Avorn J. Determinants of delayed nephrologist referral in patients with chronic kidney disease. Am J Kidney Dis 2001; 38: 11781184.
  • 21
    Cass A, Cunningham J, Snelling P, Ayanian JZ. Late referral to a nephrologist reduces access to renal transplantation. Am J Kidney Dis 2003; 42: 10431049.
  • 22
    Stack AG. Impact of timing of nephrology referral and pre-ESRD care on mortality risk among new ESRD patients in the United States. Am J Kidney Dis 2003; 41: 310318.
  • 23
    Mayer G, Persijn GG. Eurotransplant kidney allocation system (ETKAS): Rationale and implementation. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2006; 21: 23.
  • 24
    Gaston RS, Danovitch GM, Adams PL et al. The report of a national conference on the wait list for kidney transplantation. Am J Transplant 2003; 3: 775785.
  • 25
    Ayanian JZ, Cleary PD, Weissman JS, Epstein AM. The effect of patients' preferences on racial differences in access to renal transplantation. N Engl J Med 1999; 341: 16611669.
  • 26
    Lameire N, Van Biesen W. The pattern of referral of patients with end-stage renal disease to the nephrologist—a European survey. Nephrol Dial Transplant 1999; 14(Suppl 6): 1623.