Emigration from the British Isles to Southeastern Spain: A Study of Attitudes Toward Organ Donation

Authors

  • A. Ríos,

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Cirugía. Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Servicio Murciano de Salud, Murcia
    2. Coordinación Regional de Trasplantes de la Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia, Consejería de Sanidad, Murcia
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  • P. Cascales,

    1. Departamento de Cirugía. Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Servicio Murciano de Salud, Murcia
    2. Coordinación Regional de Trasplantes de la Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia, Consejería de Sanidad, Murcia
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  • L. Martínez,

    1. Departamento de Cirugía. Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Servicio Murciano de Salud, Murcia
    2. Coordinación Regional de Trasplantes de la Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia, Consejería de Sanidad, Murcia
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  • J. Sánchez,

    1. Asociación de Ayuda al Enfermo Renal (ADAER), Murcia
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  • N. Jarvis,

    1. Departamento de Cirugía. Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Servicio Murciano de Salud, Murcia
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  • P. Parrilla,

    1. Departamento de Cirugía. Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Servicio Murciano de Salud, Murcia
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  • P. Ramírez

    1. Departamento de Cirugía. Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Servicio Murciano de Salud, Murcia
    2. Coordinación Regional de Trasplantes de la Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia, Consejería de Sanidad, Murcia
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* Corresponding author: Antonio Ríos, ZambudioARZRIOS@teleline.es

Abstract

Southeastern Spain is a cosmopolitan area where there is a growing British and Irish population. The objective is to analyze the attitude toward organ donation among British and Irish citizens living in southeastern Spain. A sample was taken stratified according to a respondent's country of origin (n = 1700) between November 2005 and April 2006. Attitude was evaluated using a validated questionnaire, which was self-administered and completed anonymously. A sample of 2000 Spanish citizens was used as a control group. The survey completion rate was 95% (n = 1611). Attitude toward donation is favorable in 72% (n = 1155) of respondents with 8% (n = 122) against and 20% (n = 334) undecided. Attitude is more favorable than in the control group (72% vs. 63%; p < 0.0001). The following factors influence this attitude: (1) attitude toward the donation of a family member's organs (OR = 4.891); (2) having discussed the matter of organ donation within the family (OR = 2.513); (3) a willingness to accept an autopsy if it were necessary (OR = 1.706); (4) having no concern about the mutilation of the deceased donor (OR = 3.294); (5) having a partner who is in favor of donation (OR = 2.786) and (6) a respondent's belief that he or she might need a transplant in the future (OR = 2.243). The attitude of this population is more positive than in the native Spanish population and is determined by many psychosocial factors.

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