Correlation Between Liver Fibrosis and Inflammation in Patients Transplanted for HCV Liver Disease


* Corresponding author: Leonardo Baiocchi,


Hepatitis C virus (HCV) re-infection after liver transplantation (LT) is characterized by an accelerated disease progression in recent years with unclear mechanisms. We evaluate the relationship between progression of liver fibrosis and histological necro-inflammation in HCV recipients, according to age of transplant. Fifty-five patients transplanted (1993–2002) for HCV liver disease, were included in the study. Recipients were retrospectively stratified in three different age of transplant, of 40 months each: group 1) from January 1993 to May 1996; group 2) from June 1996 to august 1999; group 3) from September 1999 to December 2002. Grading (necro-inflammation) and staging (fibrosis) scores were evaluated in liver biopsies at 1, 2 and 3 years from LT (Ishak classification). For all age of transplant the main factor associated with fibrosis progression, was grading score (p < 0.05). However mean staging score for each point of grading increased from 0.3 ± 0.2 in older LT to 0.7 ± 0.5 in newer ones (p = 0.01). In conclusion in HCV–LT patients (1) liver fibrosis is strictly associated to histological necro-inflammation; (2) the proportion of this relationship has been changing in recent years since newer LT patients, show an increased amount of fibrosis in comparison with the older ones, for similar grading score.