Selective Hemi-Portocaval Shunt Based on Portal Vein Pressure for Small-for-Size Graft in Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation


* Corresponding author: Takako Yamada,


We developed an algorithm of graft selection in which left lobe donation is considered primarily if the graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR) is estimated to be greater than 0.6% in preoperative volumetry with utilization of a hemi-portocaval shunt (HPCS) based on portal vein pressure (PVP) more than 20 mmHg at the time of laparotomy. A total of 11 consecutive adult living donor liver transplantations with small-for-size graft according to our graft selection algorithm were performed between December 2005 and August 2007. Ten patients required HPCS using a vein graft all survived without small-for-size syndrome (SFSS) and shunt complications with a median follow-up of 296 days. One patient without HPCS died of chronic vascular rejection. In all cases, PVP were regulated successfully under 20 mmHg by HPCS. Graft volume reached in mean 84.3% of standard liver volume in right lobe grafts and mean 95.4% in left lobe grafts at 3 months after liver transplantation. Actuarial rate of shunt patency at 1, 3, 6 months and 1 year were 80%, 55%, 26% and 20%, respectively. Selective HPCS based on PVP is an effective procedure and results in excellent patient and graft survival with avoidance of SFSS in grafts greater than 0.6% of GRWR.