When considering advocacy of split-liver transplantation, it is important to understand whether comparable outcomes can be achieved. The goal of this study was to identify donor and transplant characteristics predictive of comparable outcomes by risk factor analysis. Using the United Network for Organ Sharing/ Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network data base between January 1996 and May 2006, first time adult/child split cases (568 adults, 508 children) were examined. In multivariate analysis, recipient medical condition (hospitalization), status 1 assignment, ABO incompatibility, donor age (>40 years), donor body weight (≤40 kg), calculated whole graft volume to recipient body weight ratio (cGRWR ≤1.5%) and no sharing between centers were significant risk factors in adult recipients.
Recipient diagnosis of tumor, dialysis prior to transplant, recipient body weight (≤6 kg), donor age (>30 years), donor history of cardiac arrest after declaration of death and cold ischemia time (CIT > 6 h) increased the risk of graft failure in pediatric recipients. The livers from young donors showed comparable outcomes to whole deceased liver transplantation (LT) when other transplant-related risk factors were minimized in adult recipients. Reducing CIT is important to obtain comparable outcomes to living donor LT in pediatric recipients.