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References

  • 1
    United States Department of Health and Human Services. Organ Donation Breakthrough Collaborative. Available from: http://www.organdonationnow.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=Page.viewPage&pageId=471. Accessed April 27, 2007.
  • 2
    Marks WH, Wagner D, Pearson TC et al. Organ donation and utilization, 1995–2004: Entering the collaborative era. Am J Transplant 2006; 6(5 Pt 2): 11011110.
  • 3
    2006 Annual Report of the U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network and the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients: Transplant Data 1996–2005. Rockville , MD : Health Resources and Services Administration, Healthcare Systems Bureau, Division of Transplantation. Available at: http://www.optn.org/AR2006/101-dh.htm. Accessed April 21, 2008.
  • 4
    Terasaki PI, Cecka JM, Gjertson DW, Takemoto S. High survival rates of kidney transplants from spousal and living unrelated donors. N Engl J Med 1995; 333: 333336.
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    U.S.Department of Health and Human Services. HHS Fact Sheet: National Organ and Tissue Donation Initiative. Available from: http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/1999pres/990519.html. Accessed April 25, 2006.
  • 6
    United States Public Laws. Organ Donor Leave Act. 5 USC 9601: H.R. 457.
  • 7
    Job evaluation and compensation. 1998;Colorado Revised Statutes24–50-104.
  • 8
    Leave for bone marrow or organ donation. 2003;Arkansas Code Archive § 21–4-215.
  • 9
    Income tax deduction for human organ donation. 2005;Arkansas Code Archive § 26–51-2103.
  • 10
    Private employers – Leave for bone marrow or organ donation. 2005;Arkansas Code Archive § 11–3-205.
  • 11
    Resolution to grant paid leave of absence for organ or bone marrow donors. 2002;California Education Code § 92611.5.
  • 12
    Family and medical leave from employment. 2004;Connecticut General Statutes § 5–248a.
  • 13
    Leave for bone marrow or organ donation. 2001;29 Delaware Code § 5122.
  • 14
    Leave for bone marrow or organ donation. 2001;14 Del. C. § 1318B.
  • 15
    Leave of absence for organ or bone marrow donation. 2002;Official Code of Georgia Annotated § 45–20-31.
  • 16
    Computation of taxable net income. 2004;Official Code of Georgia Annotated § 48–7-27.
  • 17
    Administration of Act. 2002;5 Illinois Compiled Statutes Annotated 327–20.
  • 18
    An act concerning employment. 2005;Amendment to 5 Illinois Compiled Statutes Annotated 327–20.
  • 19
    Leave granted for organ donation. 2002;Burns Indiana Code Annotated § 4–15-16–8.
  • 20
    Bone marrow and organ donation incentive program. 2003;Iowa Code § 70A.39.
  • 21
    An act providing a deduction in computing the individual income tax for certain unreimbursed expenses relating to a human organ transplant and including a retroactive applicability date. 2005;Iowa Code § 422.7.
  • 22
    Reduction to tax due. 2005;Louisiana Revised Statutes 40:1299.124, 42:297.
  • 23
    Definitions. 2002;26 Maine Revised Statutes § 843.
  • 24
    Paid leave for organ donation. 2000;Maryland State Personnel and Pensions Code Annotated § 9–1106.
  • 25
    Leave of Absence for Living Organ Donors. 2005;Annotated Laws of Massachusetts GL ch. 149, 33E.
  • 26
    Definitions. 2005;Minnesota Statutes§ 290.01.
  • 27
    Mississippi Organ Donor Leave Law; legislative intent; definitions; paid leave; number of days of leave allowed; approval required; adoption of rules governing organ donation leave. 2004;Mississippi Code Annotated§ 25–3-103.
  • 28
    Leave of absence granted, state employees, bone marrow or organ donation. 2001;Revised Statues Missouri:§ 105.266.
  • 29
    Deduction; expenses related to organ donation. 2005;New Mexico Statutes Annotated § 7–2-36.
  • 30
    Leave for organ or bone marrow donation granted to state employees. 2001;New York Consolidated Law Service Labor § 202-b.
  • 31
    Adjustments to taxable income for individuals and fiduciaries. 2005;North Dakota Century Code § 57–38-01.2.
  • 32
    State employee leave for organ or bone marrow donation. 2005;North Dakota Century Code § 54–06-14.4.
  • 33
    Liver, kidney, or bone marrow donor leave. 2001;Ohio Revised Code Annotated 124.139.
  • 34
    Leaves of absence for state employees serving as donors. 2002;74 Oklahoma Statutes § 840–2.20B.
  • 35
    Leaves of absence to be organ donor. 2002;South Carolina Code of Laws Annotated § 8–11-65.
  • 36
    Leave for Organ or Bone Marrow Donors. 2003;Texas Government Code § 661.916.
  • 37
    Organ donor leave. 2002;Utah Code Annotated § 67–19-14.5.
  • 38
    This bill modifies the Individual Income Tax Act to provide a nonrefundable individual tax credit. 2005;Utah Code Annotated § 59–10-134.2.
  • 39
    Leave for bone marrow or organ donation. 2001;Virginia Code Annotated § 2.2–2821.1.
  • 40
    Leave time for organ donation. 2005;West Virginia Code § 29–6-28.
  • 41
    State office hours; standard workweek; leaves of absence; holidays. 2000;Wisconsin Statutes § 230.35.
  • 42
    Income computation. 2004;Wisconsin Statutes § 71.05.
  • 43
    Boulware LE, Ratner LE, Sosa JA et al. The general public's concerns about clinical risk in live kidney donation. Am J Transplant 2002; 2: 186193.
  • 44
    Lunsford SL, Shilling LM, Chavin KD et al. Racial differences in the living kidney donation experience and implications for education. Prog Transplant 2007; 17: 234240.
  • 45
    Pradel FG, Limcangco MR, Mullins CD, Bartlett ST. Patients' attitudes about living donor transplantation and living donor nephrectomy. Am J Kidney Dis 2003; 41: 849858.
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    Pradel FG, Mullins CD, Bartlett ST. Exploring donors' and recipients' attitudes about living donor kidney transplantation. Prog Transplant 2003; 13: 203210.
  • 47
    United Network for Organ Sharing. State Tax Deductions and Donor Leave Laws. Available from: http://www.transplantliving.org/livingdonation/financialaspects/statetax.aspx. Accessed July 11, 2006.
  • 48
    National Conference of State Legislatures. State Leave Laws Related to Medical Donors. Available from: http://www.ncsl.org/programs/employ/Leave-medicaldonors.htm. Accessed July 11, 2006.
  • 49
    Lexis Nexis State Capital Database. Statues. Available from: http://web.lexis-nexis.com/stcapuniv. Accessed July 11, 2006.
  • 50
    United Network for Organ Sharing. Living Donor Kidney Number of Transplants Performed 1988–2006. Available from: http://www.optn.org. Accessed July 20, 2007.
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    Dickinson DM, Ellison MD, Webb RL. Data sources and structure. Am J Transplant 2003; 3(Suppl 4): 1328.
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    United States Census Bureau. State Single Year of Age and Sex Population Estimates: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006. Available from: http://www.census.gov/popest/datasets.html. Accessed April 27, 2007.
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    United States Census Bureau. Index of/population/estimates/state/stats ‘1990–1999’. Available from: http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/state/stats. Accessed April 27, 2007.
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    U.S. Renal Data System. USRDS 2007 Annual Data Report: Atlas of End-Stage Renal Disease in the United States. Available from: http://www.usrds.org/adr.htm. Accessed June 13, 2007.
  • 55
    2006 Area Resource File. Quality Resource Systems Inc. for the U.S. Department of Health Resources and Services Administration.
  • 56
    United Network for Organ Sharing. Deceased Donor Kidney Number of Transplants Performed 1988–2006. Available from: http://www.optn.org. Accessed February 28, 2008.
  • 57
    U.S. Census Bureau. 2002 Census of Governments, Volume 3, Number 3, Compendium of Public Employment: GC02(3) 2. Washington , DC : U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002.
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    United States Department of Health & Human Services. Clinton Administration Launches National Organ and Tissue Donation Initiative. Available from: http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/1997pres/971215a.html. Accessed August 7, 2006.
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    United States Department of Health & Human Services. “Gift of Life” Donation Initiative. Available from: http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2002pres/20020422.html. Accessed August 22, 2006.
  • 60
    United States Public Laws. Organ Donation and Recovery Improvement Act. 42 USC 201: 108 H.R. 3926.
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    Delmonico FL, Arnold R, Scheper-Hughes N, Siminoff LA, Kahn J, Youngner SJ. Ethical incentives–not payment–for organ donation. N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 20022005.
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    Friedman EA, Friedman AL. Payment for donor kidneys: Pros and cons. Kidney Int 2006; 69: 960962.
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    Delmonico FL. What is the system failure? Kidney Int 2006; 69: 954955.
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    Monaco AP. Rewards for organ donation: The time has come. Kidney Int 2006; 69: 955957.
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    Matas AJ, Schnitzler M, Daar AS. Payment for living kidney donors(vendors) is not an abstract ethical discussion occurring in a vacuum. Am J Transplant 2004; 4: 13801381.
  • 66
    Schlitt HJ. Paid non-related living organ donation: Horn of Plenty or Pandora's box? Lancet 2002; 359: 906907.
  • 67
    Committee on Increasing Rates of Organ Donation, Board on Health Sciences Policy. Organ Donation: Opportunities for Action. ChildressJF, LivermanCT, eds. Washington , DC : The National Academies Press, 2006.
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    Gaston RS, Danovitch GM, Epstein RA, Kahn JP, Matas AJ, Schnitzler MA. Limiting financial disincentives in live organ donation: A rational solution to the kidney shortage. Am J Transplant 2006; 6: 25482555.
  • 69
    Abbud-Filho M, Campos HH, Garcia VD, Pestana JO. Payment for donor kidneys: Only cons. Kidney Int 2006; 70: 603; author reply 604.
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    Scheper-Hughes N. The tyranny of the gift: Sacrificial violence in living donor transplants. Am J Transplant 2007; 7: 507511.
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    Scheper-Hughes N. Keeping an eye on the global traffic in human organs. Lancet 2003; 361: 16451648.
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    United States Department of Health and Human Services. Health resources and services administration: Extramural support program for reimbursement of travel and subsistence expenses incurred toward living organ donations. Federal Register 70: 5976059762.
  • 73
    Boulware LE, Troll MU, Wang NY, Powe NR. Public attitudes toward incentives for organ donation: A national study of different racial/ethnic and income groups. Am J Transplant 2006; 6: 27742785.
  • 74
    Burroughs TE, Waterman AD, Hong BA. One organ donation, three perspectives: Experiences of donors, recipients, and third parties with living kidney donation. Prog Transplant 2003; 13: 142150.
  • 75
    Waterman AD, Stanley SL, Covelli T, Hazel E, Hong BA, Brennan DC. Living donation decision making: Recipients' concerns and educational needs. Prog Transplant 2006; 16: 1723.
  • 76
    Lunsford SL, Simpson KS, Chavin KD et al. Racial differences in coping with the need for kidney transplantation and willingness to ask for live organ donation. Am J Kidney Dis 2006; 47: 324331.
  • 77
    Schweitzer EJ, Yoon S, Hart J et al. Increased living donor volunteer rates with a formal recipient family education program. Am J Kidney Dis 1997; 29: 739745.
  • 78
    Rodrigue JR, Cornell DL, Lin JK, Kaplan B, Howard RJ. Increasing live donor kidney transplantation: A randomized controlled trial of a home-based educational intervention. Am J Transplant 2007; 7: 394401.
  • 79
    Boulware LE, Ratner LE, Troll MU et al. Attitudes, psychology, and risk taking of potential live kidney donors: Strangers, relatives, and the general public. Am J Transplant 2005; 5: 16711680.
  • 80
    Boulware LE, Meoni LA, Fink NE et al. Preferences, knowledge, communication, and patient-physician discussion of living kidney transplantation in African American families. Am J Transplant 2005; 5: 15031512.
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    Clarke KS, Klarenbach S, Vlaicu S, Yang RC, Garg AX. The direct and indirect economic costs incurred by living kidney donors-a systematic review. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2006; 21: 19521960.