• Access to transplantation;
  • deceased donors;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • expanded criteria donors;
  • kidney transplantation;
  • living donor;
  • OPTN;
  • pancreas transplantation;
  • simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation;
  • SRTR;
  • survival;
  • waiting list

Although the number of candidates on the kidney transplant waiting list at year-end rose from 40 825 to 76 070 (86%) between 1998 and 2007, recent growth principally reflects increases in the number of patients in inactive status. The number of active patients increased by ‘only’ 4510 between 2002 and 2007, from 44 263 to 48 773. There were 6037 living donor and 10 082 deceased donor kidney transplants in 2007. Patient and allograft survival was best for recipients of living donor kidneys, least for expanded criteria donor (ECD) deceased donor kidneys, and intermediate for non-ECD deceased donor kidneys. The total number of pancreas transplants peaked at 1484 in 2004 and has since declined to 1331. Among pancreas recipients, those with simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplants experienced the best pancreas graft survival rates: 86% at 1 year and 53% at 10 years. Between 1998 and 2006, among diabetic patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who were under the age of 50 years, 23% of all and 62% of those waitlisted received a kidney-alone or SPK transplant. In contrast, 6% of diabetic patients aged 50–75 years with ESRD were transplanted, representing 46% of those waitlisted from this cohort. Access to kidney-alone or SPK transplantation varies widely by state.