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- Materials and Methods
- Conflict of Interest Statement
This randomized, pilot study compared the Janus kinase inhibitor CP-690,550 (15 mg BID [CP15] and 30 mg BID [CP30], n = 20 each) with tacrolimus (n = 21) in de novo kidney allograft recipients. Patients received an IL-2 receptor antagonist, concomitant mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and corticosteroids. CP-690,550 doses were reduced after 6 months. Due to a high incidence of BK virus nephropathy (BKN) in CP30, MMF was discontinued in this group. The 6-month biopsy-proven acute rejection rates were 1 of 20, 4 of 20 and 1 of 21 for CP15, CP30 and tacrolimus groups, respectively. BKN developed in 4 of 20 patients in CP30 group. The 6-month rates of cytomegalovirus disease were 2 of 20, 4 of 20 and none of 21 for CP15, CP30 and tacrolimus groups, respectively. Estimated glomerular filtration rate was >70 mL/min at 6 and 12 months (all groups). NK cells were reduced by ≤77% in CP-690,550-treated patients. In the CP-690,550 arms, there were modest lipid elevations and a trend toward more frequent anemia and neutropenia during the first 6 months. These data suggest that coadministration of CP-690,550 30 mg BID with MMF is associated with overimmunosuppression. At 15 mg BID, the efficacy/safety profile was comparable to the tacrolimus control group, excepting a higher rate of viral infection. Further dose-ranging evaluation of CP-690,550 is warranted.