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Keywords:

  • Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy;
  • natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery;
  • robotic surgery

Transvaginal recovery of the kidney has recently been reported, in a donor who had previously undergone a hysterectomy, as a less-invasive approach to perform laparoscopic live-donor nephrectomy. Also, robotic-assisted laparoscopic kidney donation was suggested to enhance the surgeon's skills during renal dissection and to facilitate, in a different setting, the closure of the vaginal wall after a colpotomy. We report here the technique used for the first case of robotic-assisted laparoscopic live-donor nephrectomy with transvaginal extraction of the graft in a patient with the uterus in place. The procedure was carried out by a multidisciplinary team, including a gynecologist. Total operative time was 215 min with a robotic time of 95 min. Warm ischemia time was 3 min and 15 s. The kidney was pre-entrapped in a bag and extracted transvaginally. There was no intra- or postoperative complication. No infection was seen in the donor or in the recipient. The donor did not require postoperative analgesia and was discharged from the hospital 24 h after surgery. Our initial experience with the combination of robotic surgery and transvaginal extraction of the donated kidney appears to open a new opportunity to further minimize the trauma to selected donors.