• Antibody-mediated rejection;
  • kidney allograft;
  • liver allograft

For patients with chronic renal and liver diseases, simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation (SLKT) is the best therapeutic option. The role of a pretransplant donor-specific antibody (DSA) in SLKT is unclear. We report the results of a retrospective review from 7/08 to 10/09 of SLKT at our institution. Monitoring of DSA was performed using single antigen bead assay. Between 7/08 and 10/09, there were six SLKT who had preformed DSA and positive XM (four class I and II DSA, one class I DSA only, one class II only). One-year patient and renal graft survival was 83%. Death-censored liver allograft survival was 100%. Acute humoral rejection (AHR) of the kidney occurred in 66% (three with both class I and II DSA and one with only class II DSA) of patients. In those with AHR, class I antibodies were rapidly cleared (p < 0.01) while class II antibodies persisted (p = 0.25). All patients who had humoral rejection of their kidney had preformed anticlass II antibodies. Liver allografts may not be fully protective of the renal allograft, especially with pre-existing MHC class II DSA. Long-term and careful follow-up will be critical to determine the impact of DSA on both allografts.