• Bilateral arm amputee;
  • composite tissue allotransplantation;
  • hand transplantation;
  • trans-humeral transplantation

Unilateral and bilateral hand transplantations have been performed worldwide with good mid-term functional results. An above-elbow bilateral transplantation was performed in a 29-year-old male patient from a fully HLA-mismatched donor. Alemtuzumab induction and steroid-free maintenance immunosuppression with tacrolimus and mycophenolate was used. Due to acute rejection, steroids were introduced at 6 months. Three acute rejection episodes occurred, one treated with alemtuzumab. New-onset diabetes after transplant, dyslipemia and worsening of previous high blood pressure required treatment. At 26 months post-transplantation, the patient has excellent elbow active movement, active flexion and extension of the thumb and fingers, useful sensation and a gainful job. Based on the functional results of the case reported, bilateral trans-humeral transplantation could be a viable treatment for selected bilateral above-elbow amputees.