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Keywords:

  • Graft survival;
  • kidney transplant;
  • outcome;
  • uric acid

The association of serum uric acid (UA) with kidney transplant outcomes is uncertain. We examined the predictive value of UA during the first year posttransplant as a time-varying factor for graft survival after adjustment for time-dependent and independent confounding factors. Four hundred and eighty-eight renal allograft recipients transplanted from January 2004 to June 2006 and followed for 41.1 ± 17.7 months were included. Data on UA, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), tacrolimus level, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and prednisone doses, use of allopurinol, angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitor/angiotensin-receptor-blocker (ACEi/ARB) and diuretics at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months were collected. Primary endpoint of the study was graft loss, defined as graft failure and death. Cox proportional hazard models and generalized estimating equations were used for analysis. UA level was associated with eGFR, gender, retransplantation, decease-donor organ, delayed graft function, diuretics, ACEi/ARB and MMF dose. After adjustment for these confounders, UA was independently associated with increased risk of graft loss (HR: 1.15, p = 0.003; 95% CI: 1.05–1.27). Interestingly, UA interacted with eGFR (HR: 0.996, p < 0.05; 95% CI: 0.993–0.999 for interaction term). Here, we report a significant association between serum UA during first year posttransplant and graft loss, after adjustment for corresponding values of time-varying variables including eGFR, immunosuppressive drug regimen and other confounding factors. Its negative impact seems to be worse with lower eGFR.