• intracanal dressing;
  • calcium hydroxide;
  • camphorated phenol;
  • paramonochlorophenol

Abstract The bactericidal efficacy of calcium hydroxide, camphorated phenol and camphorated paramonochlorophenol as intracanal dressings was evaluated clinically when the root canals of 65 single-rooted teeth with periapical lesions were treated. A bacteriological technique that could detect even small numbers of anaerobic bacteria in the canals was used. After treatment, including intracanal dressing with calcium hydroxide paste (Calasept), bacteria were recovered from one of 35 treated root canals. After use of camphorated phenol or camphorated paramonochlorophenol as the dressing, bacteria were recovered from 10 of 30 treated root canals. The isolated bacteria were predominantly Gram-positive and anaerobic. There was no indication that specific bacteria were resistant to the treatment. The results indicate that the endodontic treatment of infected root canals can be completed in two appointments when calcium hydroxide paste is used as an intracanal dressing.