Frequency and type of dental traumas in mandibular body and condyle fractures


Kyösti Oikarinen, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Aapistie 3, 90220 Oulu, Finland


Abstract Dental injuries in association with 207 mandibular fractures were evaluated from patient files and radiographs. It was shown that 32% of the dentulous patients with condylar fractures had dental injuries, approximately 3.7 traumatised teeth per patient, most of which were dental hard tissue injuries and situated typically in the maxillary molar region. Dental injuries were diagnosed in 30% in association with mandibular corpus fractures, approximately 3.6 traumatised teeth per patient, and injuries were more often dental luxations in the anterior part of the mandible. It was found that 143 teeth were involved in the line of mandibular corpus fracture of 105 patients (1.4 per patient). More than half of the fracture lines were diagnosed as passing the periodontal ligament.