Malaria and oral health


FJ Owotade, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife 220005, Nigeria. Tel: +234 8032247 674, E-mail:


Half of the world population resides in malaria-prone areas, and the disease is responsible for more than a million deaths annually. This is apart from the economic impact of the disease through resources expended towards treatment and prevention and the loss of manpower. In addition to the overt clinical signs and symptoms, the association of malaria with other diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infection has been described. However few studies have attempted to investigate its relationship to oral diseases. This review provides an overview of the relevance of malaria to the mouth and adjacent structures. The need for further research is also emphasized.