Comparative evaluation of gustatory function between postmenopausal women and age-matched men
Article first published online: 19 APR 2010
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Volume 16, Issue 5, pages 469–475, July 2010
How to Cite
Dangore-Khasbage, S., Degwekar, S., Bhowate, R., Motwani, M., Indurkar, A., Lohe, V. and Babar, V. (2010), Comparative evaluation of gustatory function between postmenopausal women and age-matched men. Oral Diseases, 16: 469–475. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2010.01658.x
- Issue published online: 2 JUN 2010
- Article first published online: 19 APR 2010
- Received 23 September 2009; revised 17 November 2009; accepted 22 November 2009
- gustatory function;
Oral Diseases (2010) 16, 469–475
Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the gustatory function between postmenopausal women and age-matched men.
Subjects and methods: During a period of 4 months, 30 postmenopausal women and 30 age-matched men were prospectively evaluated for gustatory function. Each subject was given a symptoms questionnaire for self-assessment of taste function. Then, whole mouth taste test was performed in which the quality identification and intensity ratings of taste solutions were measured.
Results: Regarding correct quality identification, the results were statistically non-significant (P > 0.05). As far as the intensity judgments are concerned, significant difference exists between postmenopausal women and age-matched men. Intensity of taste perception for sucrose was significantly lower in postmenopausal women than intensity of taste perception for other tastes (P < 0.05). One of the noticeable findings is that 15 (50%) postmenopausal women reported a change in dietary habits; all expressed liking for sweeter food.
Conclusion: Postmenopausal women appeared to have a reduced perception of sucrose, which can alter eating habits, such as intake of more sweet foods, whereas no significant difference is observed in taste perception of NaCl, citric acid and quinine hydrochloride between postmenopausal women and age-matched men. Fifteen (50%) postmenopausal women stated fondness for sweet taste.