Many materials have been used for pulp treatment in primary teeth, but not many of them are extensively supported in the dental literature. In recent years, new materials have been introduced along with new procedures, and these will be reviewed in this article. Many of these new materials have shown promising results in the short run but can only be thoroughly evaluated after longer use and more extensive applications. There is clearly a need for long-term studies to identify the best materials for pulp treatment of primary teeth.