Drug reward and intake in lines of mice selectively bred for divergent exploration of a hole board apparatus

Authors

  • C. L. Kliethermes,

    Corresponding author
    1. Ernest Gallo Clinic & Research Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA
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  • H. M. Kamens,

    1. Oregon Health & Science University, Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Portland Alcohol Research Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Portland, OR, USA
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  • J. C. Crabbe

    1. Oregon Health & Science University, Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Portland Alcohol Research Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Portland, OR, USA
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*C. L. Kliethermes, Ernest Gallo Clinic & Research Center, University of California, 5858 Horton Street, Suite 200, Emeryville, San Francisco, CA 94608, USA. E-mail: ckliethermes@gallo.ucsf.edu

Abstract

Individuals characterized as high-novelty seekers are more likely to abuse drugs than are low-novelty seekers, and it is possible that the biological substrates underlying novelty seeking and drug abuse are similar. We selectively bred replicate lines of mice from a B6D2 F3 hybrid stock for high exploratory behavior (HEB) or low exploratory behavior (LEB) as measured by the number of head dips on a hole board. To determine whether common genes might influence exploratory behavior and behaviors relevant to drug abuse, we tested HEB and LEB mice for conditioned place preference produced by ethanol and d-amphetamine and also examined oral methamphetamine intake. After four generations of selection, HEB and LEB mice did not differ in the magnitude of place preference for ethanol, but LEB mice showed a greater place preference for an amphetamine-paired location than did HEB mice. However, this difference did not replicate in mice tested from the fifth generation of selection. The selected lines also did not differ in sensitization to the locomotor stimulant effects of d-amphetamine that developed across the conditioning trials. Finally, HEB and LEB mice consumed equivalently low amounts of methamphetamine. These results suggest that common genes do not influence head dipping and several behaviors potentially relevant to drug abuse.

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