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Keywords:

  • Alcoholism;
  • Alzheimer’s disease;
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis;
  • dementia;
  • depression;
  • epilepsy;
  • hippocampus;
  • Huntington’s disease;
  • ischemia;
  • neurodegeneration;
  • neurogenesis;
  • Parkinson’s disease

This review addresses the role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis and stem cells in some of the most common neurodegenerative disorders and their related animal models. We discuss recent literature in relation to Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, alcoholism, ischemia, epilepsy and major depression.