• Abdolmaleky, H.M., Faraone, S.V., Glatt, S.J. & Tsuang, M.T. (2004) Meta-analysis of association between the T102C polymorphism of the 5HT2a receptor gene and schizophrenia. Schizophr Res 67, 5362.
  • Åkerblom, H.K., Uhari, M., Pesonen, E., Dahl, M., Kaprio, E.A., Nuutinen, E.M., Pietikäinen, M., Salo, M.K., Aromaa, A., Kannas, L., Keltikangas-Järvinen, L., Kuusela, V., Räsänen, L., Rönnemaa, T., Knip, M., Telama, R., Välimäki, I., Pyörälä, K. & Viikari, J. (1991) Cardiovascular risk in young Finns. Ann Med 23, 3539.
  • Alexander, K.L., Entwisle, D.R. & Dauber, S.L. (1993) First-grade classroom behavior: its short- and long-term consequences for school performance. Child Dev 64, 801814.
  • Bruce, K.R., Steiger, H., Joober, R., Ng Ying Kin, N.M., Israel, M. & Young, S.N. (2005) Association of the promoter polymorphism-1438G/A of the 5-HT2A receptor gene with behavioral impulsiveness and serotonin function in women with bulimia nervosa. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 137B, 4044.
  • Ceci, S.J. & Williams, W.M. (1997) Schooling, intelligence, and income. Am Psychol 52, 10511058.
  • Duncan, G.J., Brooks-Gunn, J. & Klebanov, P.K. (1994) Economic deprivation and early childhood development. Child Dev 65, 296318.
  • Friend, A., DeFries, J.C. & Olson, R.K. (2008) Parental education moderates genetic influences on reading disability. Psychol Sci 19, 11241130.
    Direct Link:
  • Grigorenko, E.L. & Plomin, R. (2007) Introduction to the special issue on genes and education. Mind Brain Educ 1, 151152.
  • Harden, K.P., Turkheimer, E. & Loehlin, J.C. (2007) Genotype by environment interaction in adolescents' cognitive aptitude. Behav Genet 37, 273283.
  • Hollomon, H.A., Dobbins, D.R. & Scott, K.G. (1998) The effects of biological and social risk factors on special education placement: birth weight and maternal education as an example. Res Dev Disabil 19, 281294.
  • Jokela, M., Keltikangas-Järvinen, L., Kivimäki, M., Puttonen, S., Elovainio, M., Rontu, R. & Lehtimäki, T. (2007a) Serotonin receptor 2A gene and the influence of childhood maternal nurturance on adulthood depressive symptoms. Arch Gen Psychiatry 64, 356360.
  • Jokela, M., Lehtimäki, T. & Keltikangas-Järvinen, L. (2007b) The influence of urban/rural residency on depressive symptoms is moderated by the serotonin receptor 2A gene. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 144B, 918922.
  • Jokela, M., Lehtimäki, T. & Keltikangas-Järvinen, L. (2007c) The serotonin receptor 2A gene moderates the influence of parental socioeconomic status on adulthood harm avoidance. Behav Genet 37, 567574.
  • Jones, D.C., Rickel, A.U. & Smith, R.L. (1980) Maternal child-rearing practices and social problem-solving strategies among preschoolers. Dev Psychol 16, 241242.
  • Keltikangas-Järvinen, L., Puttonen, S., Kivimäki, M., Elovainio, M., Pulkki-Råback, L., Koivu, M., Rontu, R. & Lehtimäki, T. (2008) Serotonin receptor genes 5HT1A and 5HT2A modify the relation between childhood temperament and adulthood hostility. Genes Brain Behav 7, 4652.
  • Kuusela, J. (2002) Demograafisten tekijöiden yhteys oppimistuloksiin. In Jakku-Sihvonen, R. & Kuusela, J. (eds), Mahdollisuuksien koulutuspolitiikan tasa-arvo. Opetushallitus, Helsinki, pp. 7297.
  • Livak, K.J. (1999) Allelic discrimination using fluorogenic probes and the 5′ nuclease assay. Genet Anal 14, 143149.
  • Mintun, M.A., Sheline, Y.I., Moerlein, S.M., Vlassenko, A.G., Huang, Y. & Snyder, A.Z. (2004) Decreased hippocampal 5-HT2A receptor binding in major depressive disorder: in vivo measurement with [18F]altanserin positron emission tomography. Biol Psychiatry 55, 217224.
  • Moresco, F.M., Dieci, M., Vita, A., Messa, C., Gobbo, C., Galli, L., Rizzo, G., Panzacchi, A., De Peri, L., Invernizzi, G. & Fazio, F. (2002) In vivo serotonin 5HT(2A) receptor binding and personality traits in healthy subjects: a positron emission tomography study. Neuroimage 17, 14701478.
  • Nagoshi, C.T. & Johnson, R.C. (2005) Socioeconomic status does not moderate the familiality of cognitive abilities in the Hawaii family study of cognition. J Biosoc Sci 37, 773781.
  • Van Den Oord, E.J.C.G. & Rowe, D.C. (1997) An examination of genotype-environment interactions for academic achievement in an US national longitudinal survey. Intelligence 25, 205228.
  • Patterson, C.J., Kupersmidt, J.B. & Vaden, N.A. (1990) Income level, gender, ethnicity, and household composition as predictors of children's school-based competence. Child Dev 61, 485494.
  • Petrill, S.A. & Justice, L.M. (2007) Bridging the gap between genomics and education. Mind Brain Educ 1, 153161.
  • Petrill, S.A. & Wilkerson, B. (2000) Intelligence and achievement: a behavioral genetic perspective. Educ Psychol Rev 12, 185199.
  • Plomin, R., Kovas, Y. & Haworth, C.M.A. (2007) Generalist genes: genetic links between brain, mind, and education. Mind Brain Educ 1, 1119.
  • Plomin, R., Fulker, D.W., Corley, R. & DeFries, J.C. (1997) Nature, nurture, and cognitive development from 1 to 16 years: a parent-offspring adoption study. Psychol Sci 8, 442447.
    Direct Link:
  • Polesskaya, O.O. & Sokolov, B.P. (2002) Differential expression of the “C” and “T” alleles of the 5-HT2A receptor gene in the temporal cortex of normal individuals and schizophrenics. J Neurosci Res 67, 812822.
  • De Quervain, D.J., Henke, K., Aerni, A., Coluccia, D., Wollmer, M.A., Hock, C., Nitsch, R.M. & Papassotiropoulos, A. (2003) A functional genetic variation of the 5-HT2a receptor affects human memory. Nat Neurosci 6, 11411142.
  • Rowe, D.C. & Rodgers, J.L. (1997) Poverty and behavior: are environmental measures nature and nurture? Dev Rev 17, 358375.
  • Rowe, D.C., Jacobson, K.C. & Van Den Oord, E.J. (1999) Genetic and environmental influences on vocabulary IQ: parental education level as moderator. Child Dev 70, 11511162.
  • Scarr, S. (1993) Biological and cultural diversity: the legacy of Darwin for development. Child Dev 64, 13331353.
  • Singhammer, J. & Mittelmark, M.B. (2006) Associations between mother's level of education and offspring's smoking and alcohol use in adulthood: a 28-year longitudinal follow-up study. J Public Health 14, 132138.
  • Sirin, S.R. (2005) Socioeconomic status and academic achievement: a meta-analytic review of research. Rev Educ Res 75, 417453.
  • Sparkes, R.S., Lan, N., Klisak, I., Mohandas, T., Diep, A., Kojis, T., Heinzmann, C. & Shih, J.C. (1991) Assignment of a serotonin 5HT-2 receptor gene (HTR2) to human chromosome 13q14-q21 and mouse chromosome 14. Genomics 9, 461465.
  • Steinberg, L., Lamborn, S.D., Dornbusch, S.M. & Darling, N. (1992) Impact of parenting practices on adolescent achievement: authoritative parenting, school involvement, and encouragement to succeed. Child Dev 63, 12661281.
  • Teachman, J.D. (1987) Family background, educational resources, and educational attainment. Am Soc Rev 52, 548557.
  • Thompson, L.A., Detterman, D.K. & Plomin, R. (1991) Associations between cognitive abilities and scholastic achievement: genetic overlap but environmental differences. Psychol Sci 2, 158165.
    Direct Link:
  • Turecki, G., Briere, R., Dewar, K., Antonetti, T., Lesage, A.D., Seguin, M., Chawky, N., Vanier, C., Alda, M., Joober, R., Benkelfat, C. & Rouleau, G.A. (1999) Prediction of level of serotonin 2A receptor binding by serotonin receptor 2A genetic variation in postmortem brain samples from subjects who did or did not commit suicide. Am J Psychiatry 156, 14561458.
  • Turkheimer, E., Haley, A., Waldron, M., D’Onofrio, B. & Gottesman, II (2003) Socioeconomic status modifies heritability of IQ in young children. Psychol Sci 14, 623628.
    Direct Link:
  • Unschuld, P.G., Ising, M., Erhardt, A., Lucae, S., Kloiber, S., Kohli, M., Salyakina, D., Welt, T., Kern, N., Lieb, R., Uhr, M., Binder, E.B., Muller-Myhsok, B., Holsboer, F. & Keck, M.E. (2007) Polymorphisms in the serotonin receptor gene HTR2A are associated with quantitative traits in panic disorder. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 144B, 424429.